The Relationship between Motivations and Self-Learning and the English Language Achievement in Secondary High School Students

By Hadriana; Ismail, Mohd Arif et al. | Asian Social Science, September 2013 | Go to article overview

The Relationship between Motivations and Self-Learning and the English Language Achievement in Secondary High School Students


Hadriana, Ismail, Mohd Arif, Mahdum, Asian Social Science


Abstract

This study aims to determine the level of motivation and relationship of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations and self-learning concerning students' achievement in the English language, in relevance with their determination and the use of English to derive knowledge and as a medium of communication. A total of 120 secondary high school students in Pekanbaru Riau, Indonesia were randomly chosen as sample to evaluate and determine the influence of internal and external factors, as well as self-learning in mastering the English Language. A set of questionnaire was used in this study to assess the level of students' motivation and self-learning and its relationship with their achievement. A test was used to measure the level of English proficiency. Pearson correlation and descriptive analysis were used to analyze the findings by using SPSS version 19.0. The findings showed a medium high level of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and self-learning, whereas students' achievement was simply at the medium low level. The findings show that there is a less significant relationship between extrinsic motivation and the English Language achievement among students, however there is no significant relationship between intrinsic motivation and self-learning with the achievement. The study also stressed on the importance of providing a supportive learning environment to inspire and encourage students' interest to form a culture of learning English Language rather than independent learning and intrinsic motivation.

Keywords: intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, self-learning, English proficiency

1. Introduction

In the advent of globalization and ever changing society, the English language is positioned as a worldwide spoken and universal language and its importance is emphasized not only in education, but also is extensively used publicly. English language is a requirement for employment and essential to understand various sources of knowledge. School is a learning institution and a learning medium, thus, it is the best field to enhance the learning spirit among students.

English Language has become a very important global language in all fields, especially in understanding new technology and indeed a competitive edge in the job market. To meet the needs and demands, students need the right approach and should have the best learning strategies to understand and master the English language. Teachers play a very important role in providing a superb learning climate and they are also the main influence to inspire students to learn the language through their inner awareness.

Therefore, this study evaluates and examines how the internal elements of the students and the learning environment encourage students to acquire and learn the English Language through the guidance and lessons provided by their teachers. In addition, the process of self-learning is also capable to produce good results and deemed as an effective way to improve terrific learning outcomes. In this case, the academic achievement of the English Language is used to measure students understanding and their mastery level. The challenges for teachers were studied in the hindrance to create and establish a practical routine culture among their students.

2. Background Study

2.1 Students' Motivation

Motivation is the driving factor in catalyzing the will and desire to succeed or to achieve certain goals. Motivation can be considered as a drive to avoid failure (Donald, 2001). In this regard, motivation is considered as an extension of the psychological process that drives a person to act. In principle, motivation is the force to meet biological needs and demands. Motivation is also related to the interest and stimulation. According to Ross (1999), "motivation is the reason why people behave the way they do. Motivated behaviour is energized, directed, and sustained".

According to Azizi Latif Yahya and Jaafar Sidek (2005), motivation has a significant effect on the areas of growth, development, learning and achievement. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Relationship between Motivations and Self-Learning and the English Language Achievement in Secondary High School Students
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.