Economic Crisis Management: Policy, Practice, Outcomes and Prospects
Montreevat, Sakulrat, Journal of Southeast Asian Economies
Economic Crisis Management: Policy, Practice, Outcomes and Prospects. Edited by Tran Van Hoa. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2002. Pp. 246.
This book covers theoretical concepts and practices of Asian countries in coping with the 1997 financial crisis. It focuses mainly on assessment of macroeconomic policies implemented during and after the crisis. This edited volume consists of eleven chapters, of which six are country studies. The nine contributors are scholars from universities and agencies in Asia, Canada, and the United States.
The introductory chapter provides an overview of the book. The impacts of the 1997 crisis on affected economies in Asia, Europe, and the United States are broadly explored in Chapter 2. Since annual gross domestic product (GDP) growth was used as the indicator, Singapore and Taiwan (as free-market economies) were concluded to equally suffer from the crisis as China and Vietnam (as transition economies). Nevertheless, the conclusion will be deviated if quarterly data were applied. Singapore faced two consecutive quarters of negative growth in 1998 while China and Taiwan were spared from the economic downturn. Together with a discussion on depreciation of exchange rate and the collapse of the stock market, the chapter will help readers have a better view of the financial crisis and its impact on the Asian economies and the rest of the world.
The next two chapters examine economic theories and models related to the crisis management. In Chapter 3, the contributor proposes appropriate fiscal and monetary policies in coping with similar crises in different types of economy - developing countries, euro and noneuro European countries, and the United States. Interestingly, pros and cons of "bailing in" lenders are discussed and recommended to be a tool in dealing with the crisis. Chapter 4 starts with models of economic transition and constitutional rules in different countries. The contributors mentioned case studies of Russia and China as examples of economic reform with and without constitutional transition. Even though the chapter is rather long and full of various economic concepts, readers can gain from a rich collection of literature related to the issues. Especially, literature on models used to explain the crises in the Russian and Asian economies is worth reading.
The next six chapters are devoted to individual country experience in coping with the crisis. In the chapter on Thailand, the contributors develop a small econometric model and conduct a number of policy simulations. Their findings show that implementing the International Monetary Fund (IMF) policy recommendations caused a decline in output, private capital stock, and aggregate demand of Thai economy. Instead, expansionary fiscal and monetary policies suggested by Radelet and Sachs (RS) were superior in handling the Thai crisis at the initial stage. However, the RS approach would cause larger depreciation of real exchange rate as well as higher vulnerability of bank and corporate sectors in the longer terms. As it is, this chapter contributes a literature on the Thai crisis in hindsight.
The chapter on Korea begins with a comprehensive assessment on macroeconomic management in coping with the 1997 crisis. Discussion is given to structural reforms and progress in five key sectors - financial sector, corporate sector, labour market, public sector, and capital and foreign exchange markets. By highlighting internal and external obstacles, the contributors really grasp the challenges to the Korean economy in achieving a sustainable growth in the long term. The chapter is well written and directly sheds light on crisis management, outcomes, and prospects in Korea. …