Entangled Evolutions: Media and Democratization in Eastern Europe

By Goodman, Robyn S. | Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, Spring 2003 | Go to article overview

Entangled Evolutions: Media and Democratization in Eastern Europe


Goodman, Robyn S., Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly


Entangled Evolutions: Media and Democratization in Eastern Europe. Peter Gross. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Press, 2002. xii, 226 pp. $49.95 hbk. $24.95 pbk.

When 1989 revolutions freed Eastern Europe from Communist rule, many observers predicted that the newly liberated, post-Communist media would shed Communist-era ideological control, recreate themselves as a liberal democratic media system with strong professional standards, and become a driving force in establishing open societies in Eastern Europe. However, in Entangled Evolutions, author Peter Gross, professor of journalism at California State University-Chico, points out that such "utopian" predictions have not, and may never, come true.

After all, he argues, although Eastern European journalists are no longer forced to toe the Communist Party line, their new employers, representing a wide variety of political views, frequently expect them to push media outlet partisan agendas. And strong political pressure, combined with desperate economic conditions, a lack of professional journalistic traditions, etc., often result in extremely partisan and/or sensational Eastern European coverage based more on opinions, inaccurate information, and half truths than on well-documented, credible facts. Finally, how can societies facing their own democratic transformation difficulties be expected to create a democratic media system that can aid them in the process?

Entangled Evolutions details numerous post-1989 Eastern European journalistic shortcomings. However, Gross argues that it is unfair to judge this coverage based on unrealistic expectations and predictions made during the euphoric fall of communism. In other words, some scholars have focused so intently on the negative aspects of the media's post-1989 development, they have overlooked the media's significant democratic successes. Gross, who says he himself has been guilty of such oversights in previous research projects, arrived at more positive conclusions about post-1989 Eastern European journalism while conducting extensive research for this text.

For example, in Entangled Evolutions, which expertly analyzes the complicated interactions of civil society, political culture, and Eastern Europe's post-Communist media (from 1989 to 2000), Gross argues that the post-1989 media have "indirectly and unwittingly" helped set some groundwork for a possible future democratic press system. For instance, when Eastern European journalists promote their media outlets' political views, which are often quite diverse, they collectively present a marketplace of ideas to their audiences. In addition, when media groups openly compete for political, economic, and cultural clout, they demonstrate to their Eastern European audiences (and help build) the type of public climate necessary for a liberal democratic press system to take root.

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Entangled Evolutions: Media and Democratization in Eastern Europe
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.