Prevention at the Workplace: The Impact of Community Directives on Preventive Systems in Sweden, Finland, Norway, Austria Switzerland
Lansky, Mark A., International Labour Review
Vogel, Laurent. Prevention at the workplace: The impact of Community Directives on preventive systems in Sweden, Finland, Norway, Austria and Switzerland. Brussels, European Trade Union Technical Bureau for Health and Safety, 1998. 218 pp. Tables, bibliography. ISBN 2-930003-22-7.
Attempts to bring national preventive systems into line with European safety and health Directives are typically complicated by the innate characteristics of the different systems. The European Trade Union Technical Bureau's examination of problems of this nature in the first 12 Member States of the European Union was reported in Prevention at the workplace: An initial review of how the 1989 Community Framework Directive is being implemented (Brussels, TUTB, 1994). Following this up, Laurent Vogel now takes up the cases of the European Union's newest members: Sweden, Finland and Austria plus Switzerland and Norway.
After an introductory chapter that compares the occupational health model of the European Union with that of the Nordic countries, each of the book's subsequent chapters on national situations begins with a short historical background and an overview of employment data by sex. The national legal framework is then examined, showing how European occupational health law has been transposed. This is followed by a description of the public players in prevention. Preventive services are looked at from the dual viewpoints of their legal status and their practical development in terms of numbers of workers covered, resources, multidisciplinary nature, etc.
The study of Sweden, Finland and Norway is of particular interest as a test of the Directives' adaptability to changing situations. …