The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy

By Nichols, Stephan J. | Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, September 1999 | Go to article overview

The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy


Nichols, Stephan J., Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society


The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Edited by Robert Audi. Cambridge: Cambridge

University Press, 1995, 882 pp., $89.95, cloth; $27.95 paper. The Oxford Companion to

Philosophy. Edited by Ted Honderich. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, 1009 pp.,

$49.95, cloth.

Theologians and philosophers share many of the same figures (such as Augustine, Anselm and Kierkegaard), wrestle with many of the same problems and questions (such as the existence of God, ethical issues and the justification of belief), and are influenced by or respond to many of the same movements and systems (such as pragmatism, existentialism and postmodernism-in all its forms and shapes). Consequently, it is not long before theologians find themselves confronted with the discipline of philosophy. Yet, it would require quite a large library and substantial time to delve into such matters, both of which many may understandably lack. These two reference works go a long way towards filling in that gap and providing a wealth of information that is readily accessible for philosophers, apologists and theologians.

Both of these works are similar in many respects. A number of philosophers have contributed to both works, some even writing on the same entry, such as John Cottingham on "Descartes." Both are current in their research and quite up-to-date in their selections. Each has extensive cross-reference systems. They are also similar in their aim: to provide a one-volume extensive dictionary of philosophers, philosophies (both Western and Eastern) and related disciplines by a team of international scholars. However, there are also some differences.

The Oxford Companion (OC) has a number of features which are absent in the Cambridge Dictionary (CD). One such feature that is almost indispensable to a reference work is bibliographies. The CD does not include bibliographies for any of the entries, while the OC has at least one reference for every entry and quite a few for some entries. These references are helpful, for they direct the reader to the best of the related material or to a work that contains an extensive bibliography. Another lacuna in the CD is that while it often quotes directly from the subject of the article, only rarely does it provide a reference. The OC, in contrast, provides at least a general reference for quotations. The OC also provides thirteen charts in the appendix and a handy elevenpage chart of the chronology of philosophy. The charts or "Maps of Philosophy" graphically display the relationship between issues, schools of thought and philosophers in such fields as epistemology, logic and ethical theories. The OC also has a number of portraits of prominent philosophers scattered throughout the text. All of these features are missing in the CD.

In terms of more substantive matters, there are also some similarities and differences. As to be expected in such works, there is not always an even treatment of figures or movements. The article on Thomas Reid (a key figure in Scottish Common Sense philosophy) by Keith Lehrer in the CD is both more exhaustive and definitive than that in the OC. But, in general, the articles in the CD are not as extensive as those in the OC. However, the CD has roughly twice as many entries.

As far as references to theological issues, the OC has more entries on God, philosophy of religion and related topics than does the CD. The article on "God and the philosophers" in the OC is a fair treatment of the philosophical concept of God throughout the history of philosophy (pp. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.