Space Technology and Concept Development for the Army's Future Force

By Urias, John M. | Army, December 2003 | Go to article overview

Space Technology and Concept Development for the Army's Future Force


Urias, John M., Army


The U.S. Army has been a leader in space operations and research throughout the second half of the 20th century. The Army is continuing this heritage in the 21st century in accordance with new DoD guidance and emphasis on space dominance and operations. The battlefield has already been transformed by space capabilities such as satellite communications and global positioning system (GPS). With the battlefield centricity now provided by space assets, it is also imperative to protect and secure these vital space capabilities. On our watch in just the past decade, we have seen space concepts evolving from yesterday's achieving the "high ground," through today's power extension, and now, tomorrow's global capabilities for the future force. The Army's role in space, supporting Transformation, is critical to the success of the future force-a transformed joint force relying heavily upon the full range of space-based assets in the conduct of military operations.

The U. S. Army is in the initial stages of transforming to the future force. New operational and organizational (O&O) concepts-unit of employment and unit of action-are being developed. New hardware and software to support these concepts-Future Combat Systems (FCS)-are in the early programmatic stages. O&O concepts are currently being defined and validated. The future force is based on tenets of agility, mobility, versatility and responsiveness that exploit greater lethality in more survivable, lighter weight and survivable systems. The future force will rely more on information superiority and information dominance than does the current force, and space is rapidly emerging as a major contributor to information dominance. As unit of employment and unit of action staff functionalities are being defined, a change in focus for intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) planning from an intelligence perspective to an operational perspective is under way. In other words, the immediate purpose of ISR is changing from data collection for intelligence analysis to immediate support of rapidly maneuvering forces on an asymmetrical and dynamic battlefield. This change in perspective is recognized in Field Manual 3-21.31, Stryker Brigade Combat Team. As the reliance of future forces on immediate ISR increases, the need for ISR planning as an integral part of operational planning will also increase. The ISR focus changes from intelligence data collection to ISR data integration with ongoing operations. This will require a higher degree of integration, synchronization and optimization of ISR assets with operational maneuver that is not available today.

The continuing research nnd development of emerging space technologies is based upon operational concepts that support the future force. Implementation and full integration of the Army's recently published Army Space Policy and the Concept for Space Operations in Support of the Future Force is vital if we are to achieve the Army's vision of future force capabilities. Vertical integration of our space concept must support units of action and units of employment with the revitalization of our functional control of these new units achieved through reengineered battle command, maneuver support and maneuver sustainment systems. Horizontal integration of our space concept must enable the establishment of force projection and homeland security capabilities. The documents also address employment of national, civil, commercial, joint and Army space capabilities across the full spectrum of military operations as an integral part of an Army, joint, interagency and multinational force. Consistent with this approach, the Army must integrate space control, force application and space enhancement mission needs for the next generation of battlefield system capabilities to accomplish Army and joint warfighting missions.

Within this context, Army space operations focus on five essential tasks (that is, operational concept requirements) for the future force:

* Support increased deployability and reduced theater footprint. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Space Technology and Concept Development for the Army's Future Force
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.