U.S. Corporate R&D

Research-Technology Management, March/April 2000 | Go to article overview

U.S. Corporate R&D


US. Corporate R&D (NSF 00-301 ); Carl Sheperd (DOC/OTP) and Steven Payson (NSF/Division of Science Resources Studies); Arlington, VA 1999.

Available on http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/ nsf0030/expendit.htm

This newly developed data series suggests that U.S. industry significantly increased its spending on R&D in 1997. In that year, the top 500 R&D-spending corporations in the United States spent a total of $I IlI billion of their own funds on R&D, a 9.0-percent increase over the $102 billion spent by the top 500 R&D spenders in 1996. The $111 billion is equivalent to 86.8 percent of the total industry-financed and industry-performed R&D in the United States, as reported by the National Science Foundation based on data collected by the Bureau of Census. These expenditures also equal 54.2 percent of total U.S. R&D by all performers from all sources.

The U.S. Corporate R&D data series was built using data from Standard & Poor's Compustat listing for publicly held firms. It was jointly developed by the U.S. Commerce Department's Office of Technology Policy (OTP) and the NSF's Division of Science Resources Studies (SRS). It supplements SRS' data series on U.S. industry R&D spending with timely information on eight major, and 45 detailed, industrial sectors. The new data series features for 1996 and 1997 the combined domestic and overseas R&D spending, net sales, capital investment, and employment data by the top 500 publicly-held R&D-spending corporations that are headquartered in the United States.

Among the eight major industrial sectors used in this report, the information and electronics sector had the highest share of the $111 billion spent by the top 500 R&D fin-ns in 1997--$45.8 billion (41 percent). Second was medical substances and devices with $20 billion (18 percent); followed by motor vehicles and other transportation equipment with $18 billion, basic industries and materials with $8 billion; machinery and electrical equipment with $7 billion; chemicals with $7 billion as well.aircraft guided missiles, and space vehicles with $5 billion; and other industries (general services. engineering, accounting, research/testing services, and finances, insurance and real estate), with $0.4 billion.

Volume 1 of this report. prepared jointly by OTP and SRS, is divided into two sections. The first, -R&D Expenditures by Industry Category," details aggregate data of the U.S. Corporate R&D data series for 1996 and 1997. The second section discusses the "purpose and characteristics of the data series" and compares it to the long-established SRS data series on U.S. industry R&D.

Volume 2 of this report, by NSF, is entitled, "Company Information on Top 500 Firms in R&D." It details the R&D expenditures and other financial characteristics of each of the top 500 firms in R&D in 1996 and 1997.

NOTABLE PAPERS AND ARTICLES

The Wired Diaries: Wired. Jan. 2000, pp. 69ff (just follow the arrows!).

Stretch your imagination by dipping into this "streaming consciousness" produced by an eclectic group of "big-brain luminaries" who converse about the future with varying degrees of seriousness. Intel's Andy Grove sees the future as a stochastic process that "is going to take care of itself, like it always has." Sun Microsystems CEO Scott McNealy affirms Dick Tracy's two-way wrist radio, while Yahoo! CEO Tim Koogle demands teleporting. Craig Venter, president and chief scientific officer of Celera, sees new-borns leaving the hospital with a tiny card containing their complete genetic code; neurologist/author Oliver Sachs recommends Freeman Dyson's latest book (The Sun, the Genome. and the Internet); Nicholas Negroponte, director of the MIT Media Lab, predicts 1,000 countries in a global federation by 2040. and in that same year, "computers will be 70 million times more powerful than they are today," says Excite co-founder Joe Kraus. …

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