Lessons and Linkages: Building an Analysis of Gender, Globalization and the Fisheries

By MacDonald, Martha | Women & Environments International Magazine, Spring 2002 | Go to article overview

Lessons and Linkages: Building an Analysis of Gender, Globalization and the Fisheries


MacDonald, Martha, Women & Environments International Magazine


GLOBALIZATION HAS AFFECTED fisheries worldwide, as well as the women, men and communities dependent on this resource. Fisheries communities around the world have had common experiences of stock depletion, lost livelihoods, deteriorating conditions of work and disintegration of communities in the wake of new technologies and new management and trade regimes. Though these developments have often not benefited women and their families, there has been little application of a gender and globalization analysis to the case of fisheries. Yet the fishery has long provided an interesting vantage point to explore processes of capital accumulation and relations of class and gender. Insights from previous work on gender and fisheries, globalization and fisheries, and gender and globalization can be a guide to develop a gendered analysis of fisheries workers and communities in the current context. Furthermore, linking the experiences of fishing communities worldwide would contribute to an understanding of globalization in general, its gendered nature and its failure as a basis for sustainable development - in human or ecological terms.

Lessons from Gender and Fisheries Research

As with other work on women and the economy, research on the fishery began by making women's contributions visible - documenting the importance of the unpaid work of women to family fishing enterprises and communities. This work highlighted the relationship between unpaid and paid work, and the need for the contributions of women to be better recognized (whether in social security policy, development policy, or fisheries management policy). Research also focused on the gender division of labour in paid work - in harvesting, processing and distribution - and the gender inequalities that exist in wages, working conditions and access to income support. Issues of intra-household labour allocation, workload and access to income were addressed.

Research on these issues in the fishery has also often been situated in the context of restructuring in the industry. The industrialization of the Atlantic fishery in the postwar era brought women into the plants and changed family work and income patterns; given the gender division of labour in the industry and the community, the pressures of fisheries restructuring in the 1980s differentially affected men and women, as did the crisis and collapse of the groundfishery in the 1990s. 1

Researchers have clearly documented the gendered assumptions and impacts of a host of policies - whether it be access to the resource as a result of fisheries management regulations, access to new technology offered by extension workers, access to income security support, or access to labour adjustment support in the wake of the collapse of a fishery. 2 Policy is not gender neutral, as has been documented in many fishery contexts and communities. The fight for women's fair access and participation has been ongoing. Women have pursued these aims through involvement in both local and international fishery organizations, often encountering resistance within these male-dominated groups.

Thus, a global analysis builds on the foundation of this past work on gender and fisheries which emphasizes making women's contributions visible in the context of ongoing restructuring, challenging the gendered assumptions and impacts of policy, and mobilizing women to work within and alongside fisheries organizations to have their voices heard.

Lessons from Globalization and Fisheries Research

At the simplest level, fisheries restructuring must be placed in the context of broader restructuring, for many of the trends in technology and markets are occurring across industries. A more integrated understanding of the global dynamics of the industry also needs to be developed, for changes in local fisheries or communities can no longer be understood without reference to developments in other countries and on the international policy front. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Lessons and Linkages: Building an Analysis of Gender, Globalization and the Fisheries
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.