The Health Planning Context and Its Effect on a User's Perceptions of Software Usefulness

By Chiasson, Mike W; Lovato, Chris Y | Canadian Journal of Public Health, May/June 2000 | Go to article overview

The Health Planning Context and Its Effect on a User's Perceptions of Software Usefulness


Chiasson, Mike W, Lovato, Chris Y, Canadian Journal of Public Health


ABSTRACT

This article reports a health planner's experience in using program planning software and the contextual factors that influenced her perceptions. The software examined (EMPOWER) is designed to support program planning for prevention of breast cancer through mammography screening. Use by a health professional in an urban hospital was examined through a case study approach. The user was interviewed at 3, 6, and 12 months following initial use. Transcripts were coded using Roger's characteristics of an innovation as a framework for categorizing the user's perceptions. Contextual factors identified as important in influencing her perceptions were open-coded and themes identified. The user referred to three contextual factors in describing characteristics of the innovation: implementation factors, user background, and work and community environment. The successful dissemination of software will depend not only on characteristics of the innovation, but also on situational circumstances that must be changed by, or accommodated in the technology.

ABREGE

Cet article rend compte de 1'experience d'une planificatrice en sante qui a utilise un logiciel de planification de programmes, et des facteurs contextuels qui ont influence sa perception. EMPOWER, le logiciel en question, est concu pour aider a planifier des programmes de prevention du cancer du sein par depistage mammographique. On a fait une etude de cas pour examiner son utilisation par une professionnelle de la sante dans un hopital urbain. On a interviewe l'utilisatrice a des intervalles de 3, 6 et 12 mois apres le debut de son utilisation. On s'est servi des cinq caracteristiques d'innovation de Roger comme cadre pour coder les perceptions de l'utilisatrice. Les facteurs contextuels consideres comme ayant une importante influence sur ses perceptions ont ete codes et des themes identifies. L'utilisatrice a fait reference a trois facteurs contextuels pour decrire les caracteristiques d'innovation: conditions de mise en oeuvre, antecedents de l'utilisatrice et environnement au travail et au sein de la communaute. L'adoption du logiciel va non seulement dependre de ses caracteristiques d'innovation mais aussi des conditions qui doivent etre modifies ou prises en compte par la technologie.

Research findings related to the effectiveness of health promotion and disease prevention activities have burgeoned in recent years. As a result, some researchers believe that many public health issues could be solved through better application of current research evidence.1

Difficulty accessing and applying this knowledge, however, has the potential to stifle progress in achieving many public health goals. To support the diffusion and application of research in health planning, health professionals require an effective and accessible medium for planning health programs. Information technology and computers have the potential to address the diffusion, collection and application of research and community knowledge. The computer has been identified as an "enabler" for integrating prevention and health promotion into ongoing clinical and community care.2,3 Computers have been used in health promotion programming to: 2) simulate estimates or outcomes applying different theoretical assumptions, 2) practice new skills; 3) access information from data bases, literature, and experts, and users; and 4) present selected information in a time, speed, and format controlled by the user.4-7

Although a number of studies have begun to address the issue of software and information technology (IT) planning, development, adoption and use in health assessment and health planning,7-12 a number of important issues remain. These include: 1) institutional barriers affecting the dissemination and adoption of new technology for relaying health information,2 2) use of information technology and electronic media in disseminating research information,13 3) effects of practice context on using information technology,14,15 and 4) the capability of information technology to support application of health promotion theory. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Health Planning Context and Its Effect on a User's Perceptions of Software Usefulness
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.