The Computer as a Tool for Teaching Grammar: The Program Grampol-Gramatyka Polska*

By Tambor, Jolanta | Canadian Slavonic Papers, March-June 2004 | Go to article overview
Save to active project

The Computer as a Tool for Teaching Grammar: The Program Grampol-Gramatyka Polska*


Tambor, Jolanta, Canadian Slavonic Papers


ABSTRACT:

This is a detailed description of the computer program Grampol ver. 3.0 for Windows, which was designed as an aid in teaching Polish to adult students, as well as non-native speakers of Polish who wish to grasp the rules of grammar. The program covers the areas of phonetics, spelling, word formation, inflection and syntax. The program's lessons are the most important aspect of Grampol. They address the peculiarities of Polish and its most difficult grammar rules, providing students with an effective tool for analysis and synthesis of oral and/or written texts.

Knowledge of grammatical rules is absolutely necessary for mastering foreign languages and, above all, inflected languages. More so than in the case of positional languages, ignorance of grammatical rules seriously hinders effective communication. Computer programs can be very beneficial when teaching grammar rules, because they have the potential of motivating students by making the material more accessible. This is especially true when there are many grammatical forms, which must be simply memorized. In such cases, the availability of grammatical rules in a computer program can facilitate learning to speak a foreign language fluently and naturally. In the case of highly computerized communities the aid of computers can attract young people who otherwise might not be interested in learning a foreign language.

The most recent achievement of the School of Polish Language and Culture at the University of Silesia is the computer program Grampol ver. 3.0 for Windows. This program seeks to enhance the study of Polish by helping learners to master some peculiarities of its grammar. For example, it helps learners understand the various forms of the same lexeme, which are pronounced and spelled so differently from the base (i.e., citation) form that it is impossible to detect a relationship between one and the other. Examples may be: ciqc - tne, trzec - tart, dzien - dnia, tydzien - tygodnia, as well as suppletory topics: festem - sq - bcdzie - byt.

The Grampol program contains exercise sets comprised of lessons, comprehension tests, as well as review of the material. The language of instruction is Polish because the program was prepared as an aid for learning the language in a classroom setting. Students wishing to use the program on their own should already be familiar with the basics of the Polish language. Enclosed within the package is a guide for teachers and students, which includes technical information concerning the set-up and running of the program, information regarding its practical uses as well as a description of the content (index of exercise sets). In the brochure there is also a short section on grammar, which seeks to explain particular aspects of the Polish language. Apart from information that concerns descriptive grammar and provides a synchronie overview of Polish, there is also concise information regarding its historical grammar that offers a diachronic perspective which allows students to understand how and why Polish grammar developed the way it did.

Grampol contains 569 exercise sets, each consisting often lessons and tests. The following areas are represented: phonetics and spelling; word formation; inflection; and syntax. Within each area attention is focused on the most problematic aspects about learning Polish. Elements of language instruction often overlap and mix within the exercises. This is inevitable within a natural language in which each element is a complete unit that takes into account an external form (phonetics in speech and spelling in writing) and the function it fulfils in generating the text (inflection, syntax). Inasmuch as Polish is an inflectional language, all phonetics, word formations and lexical matters are presented in relation to inflection. It becomes necessary, then, to show the reasons for choosing particular aspects from the language areas.

The spelling/phonetic section of the program contains exercises derived mainly from the scope of language variances that pose obstacles both in speaking and writing (examples may be found in the introduction).

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited article

The Computer as a Tool for Teaching Grammar: The Program Grampol-Gramatyka Polska*
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?