Book Reviews -- the Learning of Liberty: The Educational Ideas of the American Founders (American Political Thought Series) by Lorraine Smith Pangle and Thomas L. Pangle

By Leibiger, Stuart | The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, January 1994 | Go to article overview

Book Reviews -- the Learning of Liberty: The Educational Ideas of the American Founders (American Political Thought Series) by Lorraine Smith Pangle and Thomas L. Pangle


Leibiger, Stuart, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography


The Learning of Liberty: The Educational Ideas of the American Founders. By LORRAINE SMITH PANGLE and THOMAS L. PANGLE. American Political Thought Series. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1993. ix, 350 pp. $35.00.

THE Founding Fathers thought deeply about education because they saw an informed citizenry as vital to the survival of republicanism. In The Learning of Liberty, Lorraine Smith Pangle and Thomas L. Pangle attempt to reconstruct and evaluate the educational ideas of George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other early American statesmen. They also endeavor to "reanimate" the Founders' thinking--that is, to open a dialogue with the past in hopes of refining today's teaching goals.

According to the Pangles, the Founders hewed a "distinctively American path in education" (p. 75) by combining classical republican and Lockean learning concepts. Borrowing from Locke, the Founders reduced in their curriculums the role of religion and the Greek and Latin languages in favor of more utilitarian disciplines, especially mathematics, the sciences, and English. Classical republicanism supplied the inspiration for educating youths in peer groups at public expense and the rationale for emphasizing history, government, rhetoric, and civics. This mix of classical republican and Lockean ideas produced a new conception of virtue that thrived on self-interest instead of self-sacrifice.

This book stresses the Founders' limited success in putting their ideas into practice. Most of Franklin's proposed reforms for the Pennsylvania Academy (later the College of Philadelphia and then the University of Pennsylvania) were blocked by more conservative administrators. Similarly, Washington's hopes for a national university never came to fruition. Finally, only the apex of Jefferson's multitiered program of public instruction, the University of Virginia, ever won funding from the Old Dominion's legislature. But even this achievement failed to initiate a wave of nonsectarian state universities. Instead, small denominational colleges inspired by the Second Great Awakening dominated higher education in the nineteenth century. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Book Reviews -- the Learning of Liberty: The Educational Ideas of the American Founders (American Political Thought Series) by Lorraine Smith Pangle and Thomas L. Pangle
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.