A Report on Poland and European Union Accession

By Larobina, Michael D. | Multinational Business Review, Fall 2001 | Go to article overview

A Report on Poland and European Union Accession


Larobina, Michael D., Multinational Business Review


This paper examines Poland's application for membership into the European Union. It focuses on the legal criteria necessary for accession. Accession into the Union requires acceptance of the acquis communautaire. Although economic criteria are mentioned in this paper as part of the discussion concerning the meeting of the Copenhagen requirements, there is no in depth analysis. Poland provides a good example of a former eastern block country seeking accession into the Union. Since accession requirements are the same for all applicants, this paper also allows for an examination of legal requirements for any country seeking membership into the European Union.

INTRODUCTION

Poland like many other Eastern European countries has begun the process of accession into the European Union (EU). The legal criteria necessary for accession encompass one of the largest requirements. The requirements for Poland are essentially the same for any nation seeking membership to the EU. Therefore, Poland allows for a good case study of accession since it was one of the first eastern block countries to achieve democracy.

In addition to the economic benefits, there are also political and security benefits that will be afforded Poland upon its accession to the EU. It will provide for greater security for Europe as a whole and provide more economic and political stability for the region. These benefits will run not only to Poland but also to the rest of Europe. Membership will assist the economic development and will culturally link Poland to Western Europe. It will also provide an atmosphere in which its new democracy has the best chance of survival and growth.

Poland is the seventh largest trading partner of the European Union. Since 1989 EU exports to Poland have increased three hundred percent. Conversely, EU imports from Poland increased by more than two hundred percent. Machinery and electrical goods were the most important exports, providing twenty-seven percent of the total. Base metals accounted for seventeen percent (European Commission, 1997). Therefore, there is strong incentive for a relationship between the European Union and Poland.

ESTABLISHING A RELATIONSHIP

Poland established a relationship with the European Union in September of 1988. It entered into a trade and cooperation agreement a year later in September of 1989. This was a non-preferential agreement that recognized the most favored nation concept of trade. Its goal was to abolish quantitative restrictions against imports from Poland into the Community by 1994. Although this was an important first step, it is generally agreed that the signing of the European Treaty on December 16, 1991 was a more significant step towards accession.

It became effective on February 1, 1994 and it is the legal basis behind establishing relations with the EU. This treaty establishes a free trade zone, but more importantly firmly sets forth its main goal as accession into the EU. The treaty covers political dialogue; trade in industrial and agricultural products; establishment and movement of workers; supply of services; public procurement; liberalization of payments and movement of capital; competition rules; protection of intellectual, industrial and commercial property; and approximation of legislation, economic, cultural and financial cooperation (The European Union, 2000). In order to meet its obligations under the treaty the Polish Government set up a special ministerial committee on European integration in October of 1996. One of the principal functions of the committee is to examine all legislative proposals to ensure compliance with the treaty. Ultimately for accession to occur there must be approximation of Polish laws with Community regulations and directives.

EUROPEAN UNION CRITERIA FOR ACCESSION

In June of 1993 at a meeting in Copenhagen, the European Council set forth five political, economic and social criteria that countries must meet in order to be admitted into the Union (Poland Negotiates EU Accession, 2000). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

A Report on Poland and European Union Accession
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.