Viewing Conflict through the Lens of Culture

By Fazzi, Cindy | Dispute Resolution Journal, May-July 2001 | Go to article overview

Viewing Conflict through the Lens of Culture


Fazzi, Cindy, Dispute Resolution Journal


The Conflict & Culture Reader.

How many times have you heard people say that the French are rude, the English are cold, and Asians are passive? And what about the term "the ugly American?" It is unfortunate that cultural differences are usually viewed through the lens of such stereotyping. It is doubly unfortunate when such stereotyping is carried over in situations of conflict.

This book is a compilation of articles on how conflict and culture affect each other. Together the articles offer a comprehensive view of a wide range of issues. While the book does not give out answers in neat boxes, it is effective in generating questions that could be a starting point for serious contemplation and further study.

In an article by Kevin Avruch and Peter W. Black, the definition of culture is tackled. While culture is typically treated as synonymous with customs and traditions, Avruch and Black say that culture is more than that. Culture, they say, is the sine qua non of being human. They say that "knowing" a culture doesn't necessarily mean predicting the act of each and every member of a group. So for the mediator or arbitrator trying to intervene in an intercultural conflict, the first task is to pay serious attention to cultural dimensions. "Conflict resolution in intercultural settings requires..an analysis of the conflict that is also a cultural analysis," according to the authors.

In another article, Howard Gadlin defines culture as "constituted by beliefs, norms, behaviors, and institutional practices." He writes that agreement and disagremeent, conflict and cooperation are all dependent upon and given meaning by the culture within which they occur.

Stella Ting-Toomey builds on the theory that describes cultures as low-, high-, or middle-context. Low-context cultures generally value individual orientation and overt communication codes. In contrast, high-context cultures value group-identity orientation and covert communication codes. Within this framework, countries like the United States, Germany, and Switzerland are considered low-context. China, Japan, and Vietnam belong to the high-context end of the continuum. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Viewing Conflict through the Lens of Culture
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.