The Lottery, Educatiion, and the Southern States: A Measure of Utility in per Pupil Expenditures among Lottery States in the South

By Stanley, Rodney E.; French, P. Edward | Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management, Winter 2004 | Go to article overview

The Lottery, Educatiion, and the Southern States: A Measure of Utility in per Pupil Expenditures among Lottery States in the South


Stanley, Rodney E., French, P. Edward, Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management


ABSTRACT. State operated lotteries have recently been asserted by public administrators and academicians as panaceas for eradicating revenue disparities existing across public school districts in the American states. The purpose of this research project is to empirically confirm the accusations against attributing credibility to this social intervention program because educational disparity portrays a grave injustice in the U.S. Pooled time series cross sectional analysis is the methodology mechanism employed to test the data in this research project. This study found that lotteries, since their inception, despite expressed high regards, display insufficient significance in generating revenue for educational programs in the southern states. One highly probable reason for the lottery's insignificant effect in generating educational revenue is the idea of fungibility. One of the major limitations of this study is the small sample size of only using southern states to test the theory that lotteries contribute significantly to educational expenditures in the southern states of America. Using pooled time series cross sectional analysis of all fifty states is a highly recommended approach for future studies concerned with assessing the impact of lotteries on public education expenditures.

INTRODUCTION

The growth of lotteries and other forms of gaming has encountered extreme opposition from adversaries of this revenue heightening device. Various citizens consider gambling immoral, contending that gaming burdens the less affluent in society. Opponents postulate that lotteries are institutional mechanisms used by the establishment for exploiting the poor. The captivation of lotteries draws those individuals of less affluent societal membership into the mechanisms' alluring grasp by painting a glamorous picture of wealth and fame (Geary, 1997). The homogenized critics postulate that the social costs in terms of gambling addictions and increased crimes associated with supporting these addictions present major challenges for society.

Numerous studies representing the positive and negative aspects of these social interventions, and the damaging social implications of these revenueenhancing programs, permeate the academic literature on lotteries. This examination differs from other expositions on lotteries because the project assesses the impact of lottery contributions on public education in southern states over a period of time. Currently Florida, Virginia, Louisiana, Kentucky, and Georgia operate lotteries that contribute large amounts of revenue to their public educational systems. On the other hand, Tennessee, North Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, and South Carolina circumvent lotteries. Since the implementation of lotteries have southern states experienced a substantial increase in public education expenditures? The absence of empirical research assessing the impact of lotteries in regards to increasing public educational funds over a period of time and predicting the future affect of lotteries on education contributes to the necessity of this project. This project will be successful if the empirical analysis demonstrates whether lotteries have considerably impacted public education expenditures in the southern states. In this event, this document will serve as evidence that states such as Mississippi, which have a tremendous amount of revenue from other games of chance, should follow suit by enhancing its public education system or diverting gaming expenditures to other social intervention programs such as economic development.

The following sections of this research project incorporate a literature review that assesses the recent arguments regarding lotteries and their use for enhancing public education. Thereafter, a theory that establishes the direction of the research along with the numerous hypotheses for empirical analyses are found. A methodological and data section that addresses the specific methods used in testing the stated hypothesis along with the findings and conclusions of this research project compose the latter sections of this document. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Lottery, Educatiion, and the Southern States: A Measure of Utility in per Pupil Expenditures among Lottery States in the South
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.