Body Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in Youth: Assessment, Prevention, and Treatment

By Weiss, Fran | American Journal of Psychotherapy, January 1, 2004 | Go to article overview

Body Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in Youth: Assessment, Prevention, and Treatment


Weiss, Fran, American Journal of Psychotherapy


J. KEVIN THOMPSON AND LINDA SMOLAK (Eos.): Body Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in Youth: Assessment, Prevention, and 'Treatment. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, 2001, 403 pp., $39.95, ISBN 1-55798-758-0.

Body Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in Youth is one of the first edited books on children and adolescents that deals with body image, obesity, and eating disorders, and as such, it is a groundbreaker. The editors distill and summarize the findings of examination of risk factors, prevention programs, assessment strategies, and treatment options for 6- to 17-year-olds into a manageable review for beginning clinicians, graduate students, and seasoned researchers.

The impetus for the text is that obesity, eating disorders, and body-image disturbances affect a significant number of children today. The volume consists of 14 chapters and an introduction by the editors. The chapters are divided into four sections: Foundations; Risk Factors; Assessment and Prevention; and Treatment.

Section I lays the groundwork for the discussion of eating-related problems among children and adolescents. Authors Jennifer O. Fisher and Leann L. Birch lead the section by exploring in utero possibilities of developing a dietary taste. They also discuss formula versus breastfeeding. The view of the etiology of eating problems originating from children's earliest experiences with food and eating is in tune with the more psychodynamic literature. This vantage point marks the scope of the problem.

Linda Smolak and Michael P. Levine address the important DSM differential diagnostic question: "Are there body image disturbances among children, or body image problems?" They examine genetic influences to body-image disturbances. Their studies concede that there are no conclusions, just suppositions.

Jennifer Zoler Dounchis, Helen A. Hayden, and Denise E. Wilfrey give an excellent appendix of the summary of body-image and eating-disorder studies within ethnically diverse child and adolescent populations.

section II, a strong section, reviews the research of risk factors thought to connect to eating disorders. Catherine M. Shisslak and Marjorie Crago give us a thoughtful and provoking chapter that tries to separate eating disorders from a generalized psychiatric diagnosis.

Ari B. Steinberg and Vicky Phares examine parental influences on body-image and weight concerns. They cite a number of studies that conclude that family therapy is an "effective treatment strategy" since the relationship between parents' attitudes and beliefs concerning weight, eating, and body shape and the development of body-image concerns and eating disturbances has been well established.

Mary E. Connors tries to throw light on the connection of the relationship of sexual abuse among children (CSA) to body-image and eating disorders. There is a decent review of the literature. She also raises an interesting question: Does CSA increase psychic distress, which gives rise to tension-reducing activities so that survivors of CSA may use self-mutilation, as well as binge eating, as temporary relief?

section III is the best section. Kelley Hill and Claire Pomeroy present a new and different view of body-image disturbances from the other chapters. They clearly state that "many adolescents are preoccupied with and critical of their appearance, however, only a small percentage of adolescents go on to develop a true eating disorder." The typical adolescent struggles with control and body image are magnified. They address obesity and offer a warning about total liquid protein diets, medications, and surgery for children and adolescents. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Body Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in Youth: Assessment, Prevention, and Treatment
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.