Creative Criminal Investigations

By Kollar, Mark | Law & Order, September 2005 | Go to article overview

Creative Criminal Investigations


Kollar, Mark, Law & Order


Few investigators are aware of what a mail cover is, what is required to obtain one, or what the potential benefits are. In general, a mail cover is a process by which a nonconsensual record is made of any data appearing on the outside of any mail being delivered to a particular address. This includes the addressee, sender, return address, place and date of postmark and class of mail. Since the mail is not opened, this investigative method is not prohibited under the Fourth Amendment.

Investigators can make arrangements for a mail cover with the US Postal Inspector in your jurisdiction, provided the punishment for the crime you are investigating exceeds one year in prison and you can articulate what information you are hoping to find and how it will assist your investigation. Mail covers are limited to 30 days unless adequate justification is provided for extending it.

Mail covers can be beneficial in obtaining evidence of the commission of a crime, identification of associates, locating fugitives (i.e., writing home to a girlfriend or relative), and the identification of property, proceeds and assets that are forfeitable (i.e., which banks the suspect has accounts).

Informants/Witnesses

No investigator is able to obtain a confession all of the time. Therefore, when relying solely on a confession to make a case, you must approach the situation laterally instead of head-on. The one weakness that most every suspect has is his loose lips or bragging about the incident to others. Find the person the suspect is willing to talk to and exploit this weakness to your advantage by recording the conversation, if possible.

In many cases, the suspect will have discussed his involvement in the crime with someone close to him. These people are far more likely to speak to you and make statements that incriminate your suspect than the direct questioning of the suspect himself. Talk to the suspect's friends, relatives, and acquaintances to learn about the suspect and his involvement in the crime. Then, use the information you obtained as leverage against the suspect when finally confronting him.

The motivation of others to assist you varies from case to case. In some instances, an informant may approach you out of civic duty or simply because it's the right thing to do. Others may desire payment, and, in some circumstances, you can use a criminal informant for assistance.

Criminal informants generally provide information or act in an undercover capacity in exchange for prosecutorial consideration on a charge they themselves are facing. Because of their criminal background and desire to help themselves, you must exercise great care when utilizing these types of informants to avoid obtaining false information.

If you are having difficulty getting an associate to speak to you, reassure him that he is actually helping his friend, not ratting on him. Be prepared to act on the information immediately, as the person may later rethink his desire to assist you.

If you are having trouble identifying a person with potential knowledge of the crime, try utilizing the media by offering a reward for information. If your department is strapped for cash, organizations such as CrimeStoppers will often assist by putting up the reward money. If a suspect has not yet been developed, consider using a forensic artist to develop a composite drawing of the suspect, using the media to publicize.

Patrol officers often have local sources of information and can also ask each citizen they come into contact with every day, such as on a traffic stop, if they have any information that may be useful. Encourage the relay of any and all information, even that which they may feel is insignificant, common knowledge, or rumor (but identify rumors as such).

Phone Calls

In situations where you have one person's word against another, a recorded phone call to the suspect from the victim can yield the break in the case you need. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Creative Criminal Investigations
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.