THE RED MAN'S ON THE WARPATH: The Image of the "Indian" and the Second World War

By Sheffield, R. Scott; Miller, JR. | International Journal, Autumn 2005 | Go to article overview

THE RED MAN'S ON THE WARPATH: The Image of the "Indian" and the Second World War


Sheffield, R. Scott, Miller, JR., International Journal


THE RED MAN'S ON THE WARPATH The Image of the "Indian" and the second World War R. Scott Sheffield Vancouver. UBC Press, 2004. viii 232pp. $85.00 cloth (ISBN 0-7748-1094-7), $29.95 paper (ISBN 0-7748-1095-5)

Although foreign wars tend to reduce the attention democracies devote to domestic matters, they can simultaneously influence voters' thinking about issues close to home. The validity of this generalization is demonstrated by the evolution of English Canadians' image of the Indian between 1930 and 1948, as R. Scott Sheffield explains in TAe Red Man's on the Warpath. Sheffield is interested in how the image of the Indian changed, and whether wartime events contributed to the modification.

Sheffield's analysis focuses on what he calls "the administrative Indian" and "the public Indian," his terms for bureaucrats' and the public's perceptions of First Nations people. To uncover "the administrative Indian" the author uses a variety of sources: school files, the correspondence in Indian Affairs dealing with education matters for the 19305; Indian Affairs' communications during wartime with government departments that were deeply involved in prosecuting the war; a group of Indian agents' responses to a request from a new minister for tour d'horizon reports at war's end; and the records of the special joint committee on the Indian Act that operated between 1946 and 1950. For "the public Indian" Sheffield relies on newspapers, academic quarterlies, and The Canadian Forum. From these raw materials he constructs his account of the shifts in bureaucratic and English-Canadian public perceptions.

During the 19303 both the public's and bureaucrats' image of the Indian was dismal, no doubt reflecting the devastation that half a century of Indian Affairs wardship had wrought. Officials, manifesting a familiar tendency to blame the victim for policy shortcomings, considered their charges lazy, irresponsible, morally weak, and probably incapable of improvement. The public's perception was more positive only in the sense that it was more "equivocal" (25). The wartime shift in perceptions did not occur immediately. It was when the Commonwealth stood alone against Hitler in 1940 that opinions about Indians-now recognized for their high enlistment rates and generous financial contributions to the war-underwent a change. That shift was amplified, in turn, by growing awareness that, since the war effort was a . struggle against a system of organized racism, domestic belief in racial superiority was inappropriate. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

THE RED MAN'S ON THE WARPATH: The Image of the "Indian" and the Second World War
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.