Governors, Legislatures, and Budgets: Diversity across the American States

By Edward J. Clynch; Thomas P. Lauth | Go to book overview
Save to active project

planning and budgeting process was fully integrated into the operating budget planning and review process already in existence.


Budget process change can be temporary or permanent. The degree of permanency probably depends on the perceived utility of innovations by succeeding budget process players, including budget office staff, executive branch officials, and legislators and legislative staff officials.

The period from 1972 to 1987 brought significant budgetary process change in Kentucky. Initially fostered by state government reorganization and management reform movements of the late 1960s and early 1970s, budget preparation and assessment processes of 1973 were modified and adjusted throughout the 1970s. The 1980s brought innovations in budget execution due principally to fiscal stress management needs. At the same time, pressures fostered by the emergence of legislative independence influenced the character and approach to budget preparation and execution as well as the capital budgeting approach used in Kentucky. Also noteworthy was the increased role of the judicial branch during the period in influencing budget policies and procedures.

As noted, the emergence of the Kentucky legislature as a partner in the budget preparation and review process began in the early 1970s when the legislature enhanced its ability to deal with the budget complexities by establishing formal budget hearings, recruiting professional staff, and establishing a separate Budget Review Office. The 1980s brought greater legislative independence and further refinement of the legislative budget review process, including the establishment of a separate Senate budget review process and the legislature's more direct involvement in the budget preparation process. However, the greater legislative involvement in the budget process did not detract from the budget innovations initiated by the executive branch. The legislative branch apparently accepted the development of "hybrid" budget process procedures as positive budget innovations.

Kentucky's experience with budgetary innovation and change in the past decade and a half suggests that legislative independence, fiscal stress, and judicial interpretation should be added to the previously recognized state budget innovation inducing factors of executive leadership and reorganization. Regardless of cause, however, Kentucky's budgetary innovations have been adjusted, modified, and integrated to create a hybrid system that meets the traditional budget preparation and control needs as well as the budget planning and execution requirements of contemporary decision makers. A similar integrative fate probably awaits budget process innovations, regardless of implementation reason.


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Governors, Legislatures, and Budgets: Diversity across the American States


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 194

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?