America's Struggle with Chemical-Biological Warfare

By Albert J. Mauroni | Go to book overview
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Reconnaissance, Detection, and Identification--Part 2

The Army's new resurgence of interest in NBC warfare meant more funding and manning for those NBC defense programs, smoke programs, and chemical munitions research and development approved in the 1985 Chemical System Program Review. In June 1986 CRDC was renamed the Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center (CRDEC). This change emphasizes HQ AMC's view that all their laboratories should include engineering expertise with their normal scientific research, thus decreasing (in theory) the time of developing and producing Army material programs by executing both functions within the same center. Program management within the Army was changing, and that meant changes in how CB defense equipment acquisition would take place.

The Goldwaters-Nichols Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 had created a change in program development, where program executive officers (PEOs), usually general officers, resided over a general program area; for instance, heavy tactical vehicles. PEOs had a number of product managers (colonel PMs) and project managers (lieutenant colonel PMs) working under them. The difference between the two was that the product manager might have a number of different (but related) programs, whereas the project manager would have only one type of system to manage. PM Abrams reported to PEO Heavy Tactical Vehicles, for instance, and the PEO reported to the Assistant to the Secretary of the Army for RDA, who was the Army Acquisition Executive. The senior leadership in the Army chemical defense community, concerned that chemical defense would lose visibility (and therefore funds) against the Army's major programs, proposed to create a PEO for Chemical and Nuclear Matters (PEO-CN) with associated PMs. 1

The first Product Manager for Smoke and Obscurants ( Colonel Henry Shelton), formed earlier in 1977, initially fell under the PEO-CN. In 1987 the Army created a Product Manager for NBC Defense Systems ( Colonel Jan A. Van Prooyen) and a Program Manager for Binary Munitions ( Colonel Bob Orton), both of which joined the PEO-CN. The Product Manager for Clothing and Individual


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