International relations and foreign policy specialists have written numerous studies on the Canadian-American relationship. However, they have devoted surprisingly little attention to interactions between the two countries in the food and agricultural area. This book is designed to fill a gap in the literature by focusing on U.S.-Canadian agricultural trade relations from the perspective of international politics. Since many agricultural trade issues cannot be examined solely in bilateral terms, primary emphasis has been placed on issues involving third countries, such as pricing, export subsidies, surplus disposal, and export credits. Nevertheless, I have also discussed some major issues which are strictly bilateral, including agricultural trade barriers and the bilateral free trade agreement. Most of this book deals with Canadian-American relations from the 1950s to the 1980s, but earlier periods were discussed in some chapters to provide historical background. The analytical framework draws upon several theoretical approaches, and a number of independent and dependent variables are examined (see Table 8-1). This chapter provides some conclusions regarding the combined as well as individual effects of the independent variables and the interactions among the four dependent variables. Finally, suggestions are offered for further areas of study.
The first two dependent variables, Canadian-American co-operation and conflict, are discussed together because there are often such close linkages between them. Supply in the world market is one of the independent variables that has had a major effect on the level of co-operation and conflict. This variable is