5 Philip B. HeymannThe structure, control systems, and personnel systems of an organization
should be designed to further the functions that have been assigned to it.
In South Africa, as in any other country, these features must reflect the
familiar tasks of any police department. Thus we assume that there may
be specialized detective organizations at various levels for different types
of crimes, as well as many more structural features designed to further
function.We intend to discuss what is special about the task of policing in a new South Africa, not what is ordinary, and what these special characteristics
demand in the way of structure, control, and personnel practices. In the
case of South Africa, three particular problems require special concern in
designing organizational characteristics: intercommunity relationships in
a new South Africa; black community distrust of traditional policing
objectives and methods; and the likely existence of uncontrolled and
perhaps uncontrollable pockets of violent resistance to change within the
police structure.Our argument begins with the description of the most important
functions or tasks that policing, at one level or another, must accomplish
in South Africa and the special problems it faces. These functions are:
The Structure, Membership, and Control
of the Police in a New South Africa
|to discover, investigate, handle legally, and thereby suppress ordinary
crime (which has increased dramatically in recent years) and organized
crime by rapidly growing local mafias;|
|2. ||to serve the many health and safety (particularly traffic-related) needs
that are a primary responsibility of policing everywhere;|
|3. ||to manage the border between demonstrations and riots in such a way|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Policing the Conflict in South Africa.
Contributors: Philip B. Heymann - Editor, A. S. Mathews - Editor, M. L. Mathews - Editor.
Publisher: University Press of Florida.
Place of publication: Gainesville, FL.
Publication year: 1993.
Page number: 59.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.