Conducting Educational Research: A Comparative View

By R. Murray Thomas | Go to book overview
Save to active project

Data Collection Techniques II: Tests and Questionnaires

Testing consists of giving people tasks to perform, then judging the adequacy of their performance. The skills that tests are designed to assess can be primarily physical (running, throwing a ball, lifting weights), psychomotor (driving a car, typing information into a computer), or mental (defining words, solving algebra problems, memorizing a poem). Questionnaires consist of sets of questions people answer about their personal attributes, knowledge, or attitudes. Tests and questionnaires are both widely used in educational research, especially in surveys and experiments.

The first section of Chapter 7 describes types of tests and their typical functions in comparative studies. The second section illustrates popular kinds of questionnaires.


Tests can be divided into categories according to their sources and their intended functions. The two chief sources of tests used in educational research are formal test publishers and researchers themselves.

Tests issued by publishers are typically of a standardized variety, designed to assess aptitudes or knowledge that educators frequently wish to measure. However, when no available published instruments are deemed suitable for a given study, researchers create tests that precisely fit their needs.

Published Standardized Tests

Broadly speaking, a test is one which has been taken by a large number of people so that the test-makers have been able to determine rather accurately how well a typical student of a particular age, grade-in-school, or type of educational program will succeed on the test. Standards are usually reported in


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Conducting Educational Research: A Comparative View


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 386

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?