ons that curbed the use of the Salvadoran air force and army mobility. At the end of this period, the FMLN lauched the long-awaited Strategic Counter-Offensive, "Until the Limit," with the objective of winning a significant victory. However, this offensive was contained by the ability of the armed forces, but especially because of the lack of popular support.
This period was characterized by the search for a negotiated settlement to finally end the conflict. This was motivated by the lack of popular support and because of the effects of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the failure of the Soviet Union. The loss of credibility of the Communist model took away the ideological foundation of the Salvadoran revolutionary movement. Notwithstanding, during this time period the FMLN continued its military actions using the concept of concentration and deconcentration; that is, rapid concentration to attack an isolated target, and immediate dispersion after the action to avoid the army reaction. This period was also characterized by the increase in sabotage of the national economy and the illegal occupation of property, and an increase in kidnappings and other terrorist acts.
Despite all of the FMLN's strategic adjustments, it was never able to carry out its dream of a violent revolutionary triumph and total control of the state. Since January 1992, El Salvador has been involved in a peace process that, despite its ups and downs, seems to be running comparatively smoothly. The guerrillas have gained real political power and are a significant political force. However, they remain a minority, a position that took them twelve years of bloodshed to finally recognize.
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Publication information: Book title: Strategy and Tactics of the Salvadoran FMLN Guerrillas:Last Battle of the Cold War, Blueprint for Future Conflicts. Contributors: José Angel Moroni Bracamonte - Author, David E. Spencer - Author. Publisher: Praeger Publishers. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 1995. Page number: 39.