International Handbook of Medical Education

By Abdul W. Sajid; Christine H. McGuire et al. | Go to book overview

be a long-term and continuous endeavor. Relevant studies and research, as well as active international cooperation and collaboration, therefore, seem to be indispensable.


ROLE OF RESEARCH IN MEDICAL EDUCATION

Until 1990, research in medical education was carried out within the Research Plan individually or jointly organized by the Scientific Councils of the Czech Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education.


GOVERNMENT/PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT

There are currently no private medical schools, but such a possibility is under discussion. The bill of the new Higher Education Act is being prepared and should be dealt with by the Czech Parliament soon.


INTERNATIONAL LENKAGES AND COLLABORATION.

The Czech Association for Health Manpower Education is a member of the Association for Medical Education in Europe and the Association of Medical Schools in Europe. Very close contact and collaboration exists with the WHO regional office in Copenhagen and with the World Federation for Medical Education.


ISSUES AND TRENDS

Given the uncertainties in the political and economic situation in our country, it is impossible to predict the direction of change in medical education. Of fundamental significance is the creation of an atmosphere for democratic dialogue and consensus among all involved--teachers, students, politicians, professional bodies, health care providers, and the public. Though there are conflicting priorities, good will, optimism and commitment are not missing.

We are happy that we can profit from the European experiences as well as from the prospective tendencies thoughtfully being initiated by the respective governmental and nongovernmental bodies and associations. The assistance and support coming from other parts of the world are especially appreciated. All that gives us confidence that changes in the system of medical education will contribute to a continuous improvement of the quality of health care and health status of our citizens.


REFERENCES

Czech and Slovak Federative Republic, Federal Assembly. 1990. Higher Education Act.

Institute of Health Statistics, Prague, and Institute for health statistics, Bratislava. 1990.

Health services in Czechoslovakia. Cited as Institutes.

-139-

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International Handbook of Medical Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations ix
  • Foreword xi
  • Preface xv
  • 1: An Overview of Medical Education in the Late Twentieth Century 1
  • References 12
  • 2: Evaluation and Change in Medical Education 13
  • References 18
  • 3: Australia 21
  • References 35
  • 4: Belgium 37
  • References 48
  • 5: Brazil 53
  • 6: Canada 65
  • References 75
  • 7: The Commonwealth (English-Speaking) Caribbean 81
  • References 96
  • 8: Chile 101
  • References 107
  • 9: The People's Republic of China 109
  • References 123
  • 10: Czech and Slovak Federative Republic 131
  • References 139
  • 11: Egypt 141
  • References 154
  • 12: France 155
  • References 169
  • 13: Germany 175
  • References 186
  • 14: Hungary 191
  • References 203
  • 15: India 207
  • References 219
  • 16: Israel 231
  • References 246
  • 17: Italy 249
  • References 254
  • 18: Japan 259
  • References 267
  • 19: Malaysia 275
  • References 288
  • 20: Mexico 291
  • References 300
  • 21: The Netherlands 305
  • References 317
  • 22: Nigeria 321
  • References 327
  • 23: Pakistan 331
  • References 342
  • 24: Poland 347
  • References 358
  • 25: Russia (Former USSR) 359
  • References 368
  • 26: South Africa 369
  • 27: Thailand 377
  • References 390
  • 28: United Kingdom 393
  • References 403
  • 29: United States of America 405
  • References 415
  • 30: Venezuela 417
  • References 428
  • Appendix A: General Country Demographics, 1989 437
  • Appendix B: Medical School Demographics, by Country 441
  • Appendix C: Admission Policies and Requirements, by Country 447
  • Appendix D: Policy Making Bodies with a Role in Medical Education 459
  • Appendix E: Professional Organizations with a Role in Medical Education, by Country 465
  • Appendix F: Governmental Agencies with a Role in Medical Education, by Country 469
  • Appendix G: Selected Bibliography 473
  • Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in This Handbook 485
  • Index 495
  • About the Contributors 511
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