International Handbook of Medical Education

By Abdul W. Sajid; Christine H. McGuire et al. | Go to book overview

the biomedical (and especially the pharmaceutical industry), without governmental influence.


INTERNATIONAL LINKAGES AND COLLABORATTON

The debate on medical education in Europe, largely promoted by international associations and organizations for medical education such as WHO, the Association for Medical Education in Europe (AMEE), and the World Federation for Medical Education (WTME) has had little influence on medical education in the FRG. Whereas WHO's concepts of Health for All and the Edinburgh Declaration of the WFME are beginning to influence the thinking of leaders and institutions in the field as well as the educational policy of the government, these ideas are still unfamiliar to, or strongly opposed by, most of the professorate.

The most important foreign influence may well be the guidelines for compulsory postgraduate training for panel general practice issued by the EEC in 1986 ( European Economic Community 1986). According to these guidelines, member states must introduce (before 1995) a specific postgraduate training period of two years minimum for general practitioners working within the health insurance scheme. In the FRG, there is an inclination to extend this phase to three years. Because of this external decree, the national debate on this issue, which lasted for more than 30 years, may now come to a productive end.


ISSUIES AND TRENDS

For the coming decades, undergraduate medical education in the FRG will continue to be controlled by the complex interaction of government and special interest groups described above. On the political level, concern for integrating the education and health care systems of the former GDR with those of the former FRG, as well as the search for measures to control growth in the number of physicians and the costs of health care, will dominate policy. These occupations, together with the strong preference of the professorate for traditional, discipline- oriented, hospital-based programs, make major innovations of curricular content, organization, or instructional methodology unlikely in the foreseeable future.


REFERENCES

Deneke J. F. V. 1988. Federal Republic of Germany. In H. Viefhues., ed. Medical manpower in the European community. New York: Springer-Verlag.

European Economic Community. 1986. Guideline 86/457. In Amisblatt für die Europdische Gemeinschaft. L 267/26. Brussels 19.9.

Flexner A. 1912. Medical education in Europe. Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Bulletin no. 6. New York.

Gewerkschaft Ö. T. V., ed. 1982. Vorschldge und Forderungen der Gewerkschaft ÖTV zur ärztlichen Aus--und Weiterbildung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Stuttgart.

Göbel E., and S. Remstedt. 1991. Leiyhden zur Studienrefonnjiir Medizinstudierende. Frankfurt a. M.

-186-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
International Handbook of Medical Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations ix
  • Foreword xi
  • Preface xv
  • 1: An Overview of Medical Education in the Late Twentieth Century 1
  • References 12
  • 2: Evaluation and Change in Medical Education 13
  • References 18
  • 3: Australia 21
  • References 35
  • 4: Belgium 37
  • References 48
  • 5: Brazil 53
  • 6: Canada 65
  • References 75
  • 7: The Commonwealth (English-Speaking) Caribbean 81
  • References 96
  • 8: Chile 101
  • References 107
  • 9: The People's Republic of China 109
  • References 123
  • 10: Czech and Slovak Federative Republic 131
  • References 139
  • 11: Egypt 141
  • References 154
  • 12: France 155
  • References 169
  • 13: Germany 175
  • References 186
  • 14: Hungary 191
  • References 203
  • 15: India 207
  • References 219
  • 16: Israel 231
  • References 246
  • 17: Italy 249
  • References 254
  • 18: Japan 259
  • References 267
  • 19: Malaysia 275
  • References 288
  • 20: Mexico 291
  • References 300
  • 21: The Netherlands 305
  • References 317
  • 22: Nigeria 321
  • References 327
  • 23: Pakistan 331
  • References 342
  • 24: Poland 347
  • References 358
  • 25: Russia (Former USSR) 359
  • References 368
  • 26: South Africa 369
  • 27: Thailand 377
  • References 390
  • 28: United Kingdom 393
  • References 403
  • 29: United States of America 405
  • References 415
  • 30: Venezuela 417
  • References 428
  • Appendix A: General Country Demographics, 1989 437
  • Appendix B: Medical School Demographics, by Country 441
  • Appendix C: Admission Policies and Requirements, by Country 447
  • Appendix D: Policy Making Bodies with a Role in Medical Education 459
  • Appendix E: Professional Organizations with a Role in Medical Education, by Country 465
  • Appendix F: Governmental Agencies with a Role in Medical Education, by Country 469
  • Appendix G: Selected Bibliography 473
  • Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in This Handbook 485
  • Index 495
  • About the Contributors 511
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 526

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.