International Handbook of Medical Education

By Abdul W. Sajid; Christine H. McGuire et al. | Go to book overview

admissions, the annualization of the academic organization and control of the curriculum. The establishment of programs aimed at ambulatory care and the community is mainly due to the hospital crisis. A follow-up study is needed to determine if these are just temporary reforms or if they will lead to real change.


ISSUES AND TRENDS

Medical education in Venezuela has its main challenge in responding to a series of political issues. Decentralization of health services at the federal level gives added responsibility to the states and counties and requires integrating the country's multiple levels of services: systems operating under the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (free services), Social Security (prepaid services), and private enterprises (fully paid services). This national system would be oriented by criteria of extensive coverage, rational costs, quality, and efficiency.

Medical education should respond to the needs of both public and private institutions. It should also orient its educational services to prepare future health professionals to fully understand the new challenges of financing the increasing cost of health services and cost-containment efforts through national insurance practices, private insurance endeavors, and functional improvement of profit or nonprofit health care organizations.

Populational health (community and environmental), with emphasis on health promotion and prevention of disease, will be a social requirement that will substitute in the future for the current emphasis on healing and rehabilitation.


REFERENCES

Asociación Venezolana de Facultades de Medicina (AVEFAM). 1992. VIII Seminario Nacional de Educación Médica. Notas. Tucacas, Venezuela: AVEFAM.

-----. 1987a. VII Seminario Nacional de Educación Médica. Memorias. Maracaibo.

-----. 1987b. Aspectos Cuantitativos y Cualitativos de la Formación de los Médicos en Venezuela. Ed. T. Garrido. Caracas.

-----. 1978. Seminario Utilización y Formación del Médica General. Memorias. Publicación 7. Caracas: AVEFAM.

-----. 1967. Tercer Seminario de Educación Médica. Primaera Conferencia de la Asociación Venezolana de Facultades de Medicina. Publicación 2. Caracas.

AVEFAM-FEPAFEM. 1974. Quinta Conferencia Panamericana de Educació Médica. Memorias. Caraballeda, Venezuela.

Ministerio de Sanidad y Asistencia Social. 1986. VII Congreso Venezolano de Salud Pública. Memorias. Caracas: Ministerio de Sanidad y Asistencia Social.

Oficina de Planificación del Sector Universitario. 1987. Boletín Estadístico no. 12. Tomos I y II. Caracas: Oficina de Planificación del Sector Universitario.

Universidad Central de Venezuela. 1961. Bases y doctrina para una reforma de la educación médica en Venezuela. Memorias. Ed. C. G. Yépez. Caracas: Universidad Central de Venezuela.

-----. 1991. Facultadad de Medicina Informe de gestión, 1987-1990. Tomos I y II. Caracas: Universidad Central de Venezuela.

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