Lawyers v. Educators: Black Colleges and Desegregation in Public Higher Education

By Jean L. Preer | Go to book overview

schools had failed to foster racial equality, the NAACP turned to the courts to provide educational opportunity.


Notes
1.
W. E. B. Du Bois, The Conservation of Races ( 1897; reprint ed., New York: Arno Press, 1969), p. 11.
2.
W. E. B. Du Bois, "The Talented Tenth," in The Negro Problem: A Series of Articles by Representative American Negroes of Today ( 1903; reprint ed., New York: Arno Press, 1969), p. 75.
3.
Du Bois, Conservation, p. 11.
4.
James M. McPherson, The Abolitionist Legacy (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1975); Henry Allen Bullock, A History of Negro Education in the South ( Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967).
5.
Ala. Const. of 1875, art. XIII.
6.
Fla. Const. of 1885, art. XII.
7.
49 Tenn. Code Ann., secs. 3701-3703 ( 1901).
8.
Acts of Kentucky, March 22, 1904, Ch. 85, p. 181.
9.
70 Okla. Stat. Ann., secs. 455-457.
10.
Morrill Act of 1862, Ch. 130, 12 Stat. 504; 7 U.S.C. Sec. 301.
11.
John W. Davis, "The Participation of Negro Land-Grant Colleges in Permanent Federal Education Funds," Journal of Negro Education 7 ( July 1938): 282-91.
12.
Hatch Act of 1887, Ch. 314, 24 Stat. 440.
13.
Food and Agriculture Act of 1977, Pub. L. No. 95-113, 91 Stat. 913.
14.
Morrill Act of 1890, Ch. 841, 26 Stat. 417; 7 U.S.C. Sec. 323.
15.
For an argument linking the Second Morrill Act to the Black Studies controversy, see Avins, "Black Studies, White Separation, and Reflected Light on College Segregation and the Fourteenth Amendment from Early Land-Grant College Policies," 10 Washburn L. J. 181 ( 1971).
16.
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 ( 1896).
17.
Morrill Act of 1890, Ch. 841, sec. 1.
18.
Civil Rights Act of 1964, Pub. L. No. 88-352, 78 Stat. 252; 42 U.S.C. secs. 2000d-2000d-4.
19.
Morrill Act of 1890, Ch. 841, sec. 4.
20.
Edward Danforth Eddy Jr., Colleges for Our Land and Time: The Land-Grant Idea in American Education ( 1957; reprint ed., Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1973), p. 101.
21.
Act of July 26, 1892, Ch. 254, 27 Stat. 271.
22.
U.S. Bureau of Education, Report of the Commissioner of Education for the Year 1890-1891 ( Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1894), p. 591.
24.
U.S. Bureau of Education. Statistics of Land-Grant Colleges, Year Ended June 30, 1921, by L. E. Blauch, Bulletin, 1922, No. 34 ( Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1923), p. 15.
25.
U.S. Bureau of Education, Report for 1890-1891, p. 621.

-26-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Lawyers v. Educators: Black Colleges and Desegregation in Public Higher Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in American Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 4
  • 1 - The Morrill Act of 1890: Separate Black Public Colleges 5
  • Notes 26
  • 2 - Gaines: Equal Access or Equal Opportunity? 31
  • Notes 56
  • 3 - Sipuel: Arguments in Transition 63
  • Notes 88
  • 4 - Sweatt: Dubious Precedent 95
  • Notes 121
  • 5 - Hawkins: Conditions That Now Prevail 127
  • Notes 152
  • 6 - The Civil Rights Act of 1964: from Segregation to Discrimination 157
  • Notes 183
  • 7 - Adams: Racial Identifiability and Black Public Colleges 189
  • Notes 222
  • Conclusion 233
  • Notes 241
  • List of Cases and Statutes 243
  • Bibliography 247
  • Index 271
  • About the Author 279
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 282

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.