American Theatre Companies, 1888-1930

By Weldon B. Durham | Go to book overview

P

PABST GERMAN STOCK COMPANY. See PABST STADT THEATER.

PABST STADT THEATER. The Pabst Stadt Theater ( Milwaukee, Wisconsin), also known as the Pabst German Stock Company, was consolidated in 1890 from the Heinrich Kurz German Pabst Theater. The earlier company and theatre was purchased in 1889 by brewer Captain Frederick Pabst, who intended to provide the German company with a new home. Pabst refurbished the Grand Opera House (built in 1871 by Jacob Nunnemacher at 144 East Wells) and opened it on September 17, 1890, with a production of Goethe Egmont. That theatre burned down in 1895 and a larger proscenium theatre was built on the site by Pabst's architect Otto Strack. The gala opening was on November 10, 1895, with a peformance of Friedrich Schiller Kabale und Liebe, following a preview production of the farce Zwei Wappaen by Gustav Kadelburg and Oskar Blumenthal on November 9.

German-language production in Milwaukee had been an uninterrupted tradition since 1850, due to a large German immigrant population and the recognized need to continue the culture of central Europe. When the Pabst opened in 1890, Milwaukee had been accorded the official title of America's "most foreign city" because of the large Germanic population, 72 percent of 285,000 in 1900. German immigrants and their descendants had seen the need to maintain their German culture in the city, lovingly termed "Deutsch-Athen" (German-Athens). The Pabst represents both the zenith of German theatre in Milwaukee and the beginning of its decline, as third- and fourth-generation Germans abandoned the language and as World War I generated opposition to German productions.

Pabst had long been a patron of the German theatre and other arts in Milwaukee and entrusted the company to the management of a number of actor-directors, beginning with Leon Wachsner and Ferdinand Welb. Wachsner, Welb, and Julius Richard had managed the Kurz theatre from 1884 to 1890; the purchase and

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American Theatre Companies, 1888-1930
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • A 1
  • Bibliography 4
  • Bibliography 8
  • Bibliography 13
  • Bibliography 22
  • Bibliography 24
  • Bibliography 27
  • Bibliography 31
  • Bibliography 36
  • Bibliography 38
  • Bibliography 40
  • B 41
  • Bibliography 51
  • Bibliography 55
  • Bibliography 61
  • Bibliography 63
  • Bibliography 68
  • Bibliography 72
  • C 73
  • Bibliography 80
  • Bibliography 86
  • Bibliography 90
  • Bibliography 94
  • Bibliography 97
  • D 99
  • Bibliography 103
  • Bibliography 111
  • Bibliography 118
  • Bibliography 126
  • Bibliography 134
  • Bibliography 140
  • Bibliography 145
  • Bibliography 150
  • Bibliography 152
  • Bibliography 158
  • E 159
  • F 165
  • Bibliography 168
  • Bibliography 171
  • Bibliography 177
  • G 179
  • Bibliography 181
  • Bibliography 183
  • Bibliography 188
  • Bibliography 190
  • Bibliography 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Bibliography 203
  • H 205
  • Bibliography 208
  • Bibliography 210
  • Bibliography 212
  • Bibliography 220
  • Bibliography 225
  • Bibliography 227
  • Bibliography 231
  • I 233
  • PERSONNEL 237
  • J 239
  • Bibliography 241
  • Bibliography 243
  • K 245
  • Bibliography 247
  • L 249
  • Bibliography 253
  • Bibliography 260
  • Bibliography 262
  • Bibliography 268
  • Bibliography 276
  • M 277
  • Bibliography 280
  • Bibliography 283
  • Bibliography 284
  • Bibliography 289
  • Bibliography 293
  • Bibliography 297
  • Bibliography 300
  • Bibliography 306
  • Bibliography 309
  • N 311
  • Bibliography 317
  • Bibliography 322
  • Bibliography 325
  • Bibliography 329
  • Bibliography 332
  • Bibliography 338
  • O 341
  • Bibliography 346
  • Bibliography 348
  • P 349
  • Bibliography 353
  • Bibliography 358
  • Bibliography 363
  • Bibliography 367
  • Bibliography 370
  • Bibliography 377
  • Bibliography 388
  • Q 391
  • R 393
  • Bibliography 396
  • Bibliography 399
  • Bibliography 402
  • Bibliography 404
  • S 405
  • Bibliography 407
  • Bibliography 411
  • Bibliography 413
  • Bibliography 416
  • Bibliography 424
  • Bibliography 428
  • Bibliography 432
  • T 433
  • Bibliography 442
  • U 443
  • Bibliography 447
  • V 449
  • Bibliography 453
  • W 455
  • Bibliography 460
  • Bibliography 463
  • Bibliography 470
  • Bibliography 472
  • Bibliography 478
  • Bibliography 482
  • Bibliography 485
  • Bibliography 488
  • Y 489
  • Bibliography 492
  • APPENDIX I CHRONOLOGY OF THEATRE COMPANIES 493
  • APPENDIX II THEATRE COMPANIES BY STATE 497
  • Index of Personal Names and Play Titles 501
  • About the Contributors 535
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