A Question of Identity: Women, Science, and Literature

By Marina Benjamin | Go to book overview
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Notes

A Question of Identity
1
Whitney Chadwick, Women, Art, and Society ( London: Thames and Hudson, 1990), 358-359.
2
Mary Poovey, "Speaking of the Body: Mid-Victorian Constructions of Female Desire," in Body Politics: Women and the Discourses of Science, ed. Mary Jacobus, Evelyn Fox Keller, and Sally Shuttleworth ( London and New York: Routledge, 1990), 29-46, 29 quoted. See also Denise Riley, Am I That Name? Feminism and the Category of "Women" in History ( Southampton: Macmillan, 1988); Theresa de Lauretis, Alice Doesn't ( Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984).
3
Carolyn Merchant, "The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution" ( New York: Harper and Row, 1980); Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-century Literary Imagination ( New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1979).
4
Ludmilla Jordanova, Sexual Visions: Images of Gender and Science and Medicine between the Eighteenth and Twentieth Centuries ( Hemel Hampstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1989), 134-135.
5
Merchant, Death of Nature; see also Evelyn Fox Keller, Reflections on Gender and Science ( New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1985).
6
Jordanova, Sexual Visions.
7
For the strategies women practitioners of science have had to resort to in order to avert criticism, see Marina Benjamin, "Elbow Room: Women Writers on Science, 1790-1840," in Science and Sensibility: Gender and Scientific Enquiry, 1780-1945, ed. Marina Benjamin ( Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1991), 27-59; Londa Schiebinger, The Mind Has No Sex? Women in the Origins of Modern Science ( Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1989); and Pnina Abir-Am and Dorinda Outram, eds., Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in Science, 1789-1979 ( New Brunswick: Rutgers University press, 1987).
8
Ornella Moscucci, The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Gender in England, 1800-1929 ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990).
9
The Complete Letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, ed. Robert Halsband, 3 vols. ( Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1965), 1:314. William Alexander, The History of Women from the Earliest Antiquity to the Present Time, 2 vols. ( London, 1779), 1:102.
10
Moscucci, Science of Woman, 32-33.
11
Francois Azouvi, "Woman as a Model of Pathology in the Eighteenth Century," Diogenes 115 ( 1981): 22-36, 24 quoted.
12
Pierre Roussel, Systeme physique et moral de la femme ( Paris, 1775), 62, 15-16, 34.
13
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emilius and Sophia; or, An Essay in Education ( Paris, 1762), trans. Mr. Nugent ( Dublin, 1763), 208. Alexander, History of Women 2:40.
14
Roussel, Systeme physique, 20-21.
15
Alexander, History of Women 1:316, 2:42.
16
Roussel, Systeme physique, 95.
17
Lorna Duffin, "The Conspicuous Consumptive: Woman as an Invalid," in The Nineteenth-centuryWoman: Her Cultural and Physical World

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