Rethinking the French Revolution: Marxism and the Revisionist Challenge

By George C. Comninel | Go to book overview

they accepted was in fact a central expression of liberal- bourgeois ideology, one which is intrinsically at odds with Marx's own concepts of historical materialism. Indeed, in the following chapters, a thorough examination of the liberal ideological character of the concept of bourgeois revolution will lead to a fundamental criticism of much of what has been taken to be Marxist historical theory.


Notes
1.
Alfred Cobban, The Social Interpretation of the French Revolution, London 1968, pp. 129-31.
2.
François Furet, Penser la Révolution française, Paris 1978.
3.
Hal Draper offers a thorough and insightful discussion of Marx's thought as it developed, in Karl Marx's Theory of Revolution, 2 vols, New York 1977, 1979.
4.
Ibid., vol. II, chs 7, 8, and 9.
5.
Ibid., pp. 169-74, 182, 192, 219.
6.
Ibid., ch. 10.
7.
Draper quite systematically sorts through the issue.
8.
Hobsbawm, The Age of Revolution, 1789-1848, New York 1962, "'Introduction'".
9.
Cobban, "'The Myth of the French Revolution'", in Aspects of the French Revolution, London 1968.
10.
Review of "'Myth of the French Revolution'", Annales historique de la Révolution française, xxviii ( 1956), 337-45.
11.
Claude Mazauric, Sur la Révolution française. Contributions à l'histoire de la révolution bourgeoise, Paris 1970; for a discussion of the debates set in motion by the revisionists, see Geoffrey Ellis, "'The Marxist Interpretation of the French Revolution'", English Historical Review, xciii ( 1978), 353-76, as well as A. Gerard , La Révolution Française: Mythes et Interprétations, Paris 1970.
12.
Mazauric, Sur la Révolution, pp. 54-5.
13.
Régine Robin, La Société française en 1789: Semur-en-Auxois, Paris 1970.
14.
Ibid., pp. 17-18.
15.
Ibid., p. 48.
16.
Nicos Poulantzas, Political Power and Social Classes, London 1968; Classes in Contemporary Capitalism, London 1974.
17.
Robin, La Société française, pp. 33-41.
18.
Karl Marx, Capital ( 3 vols, Moscow 1954, 1956, 1959) vol. III, ch. XLVII, pp. 782-813; Robin, La Société franèaise, pp. 28-32.
19.
Marx, Capital vol. III, p. 791.
20.
Robin, La Société française, p. 33. (my translation)
21.
Ibid., p. 39, p. 53.
22.
Robin, "'La nature de l'état à la fin de l'ancien régime: Formation sociale, Etat et Transition'", Dialectiques, 1-2 ( 1973), 31-54; Michel Grenon and Régine Robin , "'Apropos de la polémique sur l'ancien régime et la Révolution: pour une problématique de la transition'", La Pensée, 187 ( 1976), 5-30.
23.
Grenon and Michel, "'Transition'", pp. 9-12.
24.
Ibid., p. 26.
25.
Ibid., p. 21. (my translation)

-51-

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Rethinking the French Revolution: Marxism and the Revisionist Challenge
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Foreword ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 4
  • 1- The French Revolution As Bourgeois Revolution: Orthodoxy and Challenge 5
  • Notes 25
  • 2- The Marxist Response 28
  • Notes 51
  • 3- Bourgeois Revolution: A Liberal Concept 53
  • Notes 74
  • 4- In Defense of History: A Marxist Critique of Marxist Theory 77
  • Notes 102
  • 5- Liberal Ideology and the Politics Of the Revolution 104
  • Notes 119
  • 6- Marx's Early Thought 121
  • Notes 131
  • 7- Historical Materialism 133
  • Notes 176
  • Conclusion: Towards a Marxist Interpretation of the French Revolution 179
  • Notes 205
  • Select Bibliography 208
  • Index 219
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