quently the several States would not be possessed of any essential power or effective guard of sovereignty.
Thus I apprehend, it is evident that the consolidation of the States into one national government (in contra-distinction from a confederacy) would be the necessary consequence of the establishment of the new constitution, and the intention of its framers--and that consequently the State sovereignties would be eventually annihilated, though the forms may long remain as expensive and burdensome remembrances of what they were in the days when (although laboring under many disadvantages) they emancipated this country from foreign tyranny, humbled the pride and tarnished the glory of royalty, and erected a triumphant standard to liberty and independence.
ON THE MOTIVATIONS AND AUTHORITY OF THE FOUNDING FATHERS
Antifederalists found it somewhat difficult to confute the effects of George Washington's and Benjamin Franklin's support of the Constitution. Other Federalists were fairer game. As Charles Warren has pointed out, several Federalists had been "lukewarm toward independence," and many had barely reached adolescence when the American Revolution commenced. Antifederalists therefore could (and did) cast doubt upon their patriotism to the rebel cause. ( "Elbridge Gerry, James Warren, Mercy Warren and the Ratification of the Federal Constitution in Massachusetts," Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, 1932, LXIV, 143-64).
Washington, however, was revered by the vast majority of the American people. Thus, one finds a whole range of Antifederalist explanations--he was tricked into signing the document; he has subsequently changed his mind; etc. Surprisingly, many Antifederalists did meet the problem head on, and attacked Washington directly--the first sustained attack on Washington in his civilian and political capacity.
The selection by "PHILADELPHIENSIS"--Benjamin Workman (see Antifederalist No. 74)--is from his third and fifth essays, reprinted in the [ Boston] American Herald, January 14 and 21, 1788, from a Philadelphia newspaper.
The excerpt from an essay by "AN AMERICAN" appeared in the [ Boston] American Herald, January 28, 1788.
"A FARMER AND PLANTER" appeared in The Maryland Journal, and Baltimore Advertiser, April 1, 1788 (see Antifederalist No. 26).
The piece by Patrick Henry is from his speech before the Virginia ratifying convention, June 4, 1788, reprinted in Elliot, III, 222-23.
The selections from "CENTINEL" appeared in the [ Philadelphia] Independent Gazetteer, November 8, 1787, and January 2 and 8, 1788, reprinted in McMaster and Stone, pp. 593-96, 624, 627.
The final selection is excerpted from the essay by 'THE YEOMANRY OF MASSACHUSETTS" in The Massachusetts Gazette, January 25, 1788.