Madame Bovary: Life in a Country Town

By Gustave Flaubert; Gerard Hopkins | Go to book overview
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The following abbreviations have been used:
MB n.v. Madame Bovary, nouvelle version, ed. Jean Pommier and Gabrielle Leleu ( Paris, José Corti, 1949)
OC Flaubert, Œuvres complètes, 2 vols, preface by Jean Bruneau, ed. Bernard Masson ( Paris, Editions du Seuil, 1964)
DIR Dictionnaire des idées reçues
Translations of passages from Flaubert's letters are mostly taken from the Steegmuller edition (see Select Bibliography).

The originals of letters cited or referred to in the notes may be found, if dated up to the end of 1858, in

Flaubert, Correspondance, ed. Jean Bruneau, 2 vols, 1830-1851 and 1851-8 ( Paris, Gallimard, 1973 and 1980)
and, if dated after 1858, in
Flaubert, Correspondance, nouvelle édition augmentée (Paris, Conard, 1926-33, with Supplément 1954)
Flaubert's most frequently cited correspondents are designated in references by their initials, viz.: LB Louis Bouilhet; EC Ernest Chevalier; LC Louise Colet; HT Hippolyte Taine.

dedication: Sénard was the lawyer who conducted Flaubert's defence in the case brought against him, the publishers and the printer after Madame Bovary had been serialized in La Revue de Paris.
The preparation room: Flaubert was at the Collège royal in Rouen between 1832 and 1840, for the most part as a boarder. An almost exact contemporary there of Flaubert's elder brother, Achille, was Eugène Delamare, the principal model for Charles Bovary. The outline biography of Delamare fits reasonably neatly: he was medical officer in Ry, married a Mademoiselle Mutel five years older than he was, was soon widowed and married the seventeen-year-old Delphine Couturier who gave birth to a daughter, and died in 1848, aged twenty-six. Delamare died in 1849. However, Delamare's character was apparently that of an active local politician who was an inconstant authoritarian husband. Less is known about his second wife and there is no firm evidence that she killed herself. (See A.-M. Gossez, Homais et Bovary hommes politiques, Mercure de France, 15 July 1911.)


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