The Emergence of the One-party South -- The Election of 1860
THE continued allegiance of the South to the Democratic party stands out as the largest single deviation from a class conflict view of the American party struggle. Though some suggest that the Democratic loyalties of the South are reinforced by its position as an economically relatively depressed section of the country, it seems somewhat preposterous to view the southern planters and small-town businessmen as a depressed stratum. But there is no denying that some of the most conservative, if not reactionary, segments of the American body politic are southern Democrats. Some of the variables underlying this fact have already been discussed in previous chapters, and a thorough analysis will not be attempted here.1 However, an analysis of the link between the post-Civil War identification with the Democratic party and class cleavage within the ante bellum South may illustrate how the diverse interests and values of different strata are affected by such confusing and emotion-laden issues as slavery and Negro rights, and supply some of the reasons for the long-term continuation of a seemingly nonlogical pattern. This chapter deals briefly with____________________
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Political Man:The Social Bases of Politics. Contributors: Seymour Martin Lipset - Author. Publisher: Doubleday. Place of publication: Garden City, NY. Publication year: 1960. Page number: 344.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.