Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book

By John Spargo; George Louis Arner | Go to book overview

SUMMARY
1. Socialists regard economic forces as the chief factors in the bringing about of social change.
2. The Economic Interpretation does not exclude the "spiritual factors"; it is not fatalistic and does not deny free will.
3. The economic factors largely determine religious forms, ethical standards and the content of legal codes.
4. The Economic Interpretation of History applies primarily to the explanation of stages in social evolution, but at the same time it directly explains many specific historical events.

QUESTIONS
1. What was the origin of the theory of the Economic Interpretation of History?
2. Why is the term "economic" preferable to "materialistic" in this connection?
3. What factors other than the economic have influenced history?
4. In what ways have the economic factors influenced religious forms? Ethical codes?
5. How are economic class distinctions reflected in legal codes?
6. What is meant by the "Great Man" theory of history?
7. Illustrate the economic interpretation theory by events in American history. In English history.
8. What are the chief objections to the theory and how do Socialists answer them?

LITERATURE

Hillquit M., Socialism in Theory and Practice, Chap. III and IV.

Kautsky K., Ethics and the Materialistic Conception of History.

Marx Karl, Capital. Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, Preface.

Rogers J. E. T., The Economic Interpretation of History.

Seligman E. R. A., The Economic Interpretation of History.

Simons A. M., Social Forces in American History.

Spargo John, Socialism, a Summary and Interpretation of Socialist Principles, Chap. IV.

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Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • PART I SOCIALISM AS CRITICISM 1
  • Chapter I: INTRODUCTION 3
  • Chapter II Capitalist Society 7
  • LITERATURE 18
  • Chapter III Planless Production 19
  • LITERATURE 29
  • Chapter IV Poverty 30
  • LITERATURE 43
  • Chapter V Leisure and Luxury 44
  • LITERATURE 52
  • Chapter VI Individual and Social Responsibility 53
  • LITERATURE 58
  • PART II SOCIALIST THEORY 59
  • Chapter VII: INTRODUCTORY 61
  • Chapter VIII Social Evolution 65
  • LITERATURE 75
  • Chapter IX the Economic Interpretation of History 76
  • LITERATURE 90
  • Chapter X Industrial Evolution 91
  • LITERATURE 99
  • Chapter XI the Class Struggle Theory 100
  • LITERATURE 115
  • Chapter XII Value and Price 116
  • LITERATURE 140
  • Chapter XIII Surplus-Value 141
  • LITERATURE 156
  • Chapter XIV the Law of Concentration 157
  • LITERATURE 167
  • Chapter XV Monopolies and Trusts 168
  • LITERATURE 184
  • PART III THE SOCIALIST IDEAL 185
  • Chapter XVI the Utopian Socialist Ideal 187
  • LITERATURE 200
  • Chapter XVII the Ideals of Modern Socialism 201
  • LITERATURE 211
  • Chapter XVIII Socialist State--Political 212
  • LITERATURE 223
  • Chapter XIX: THE SOCIALIST STATE--ECONOMIC 224
  • Chapter XX Socialism and the Family 240
  • LITERATURE 251
  • PART IV THE SOCIALIST MOVEMENT 253
  • Chapter XXI the Rise and Growth of Modern Socialism 255
  • LITERATURE 265
  • Chapter XXII the National Socialist Movemenis 266
  • LITERATURE 314
  • PART V POLICY AND PROGRAM 315
  • Chapter XXIII Socialism and Social Reform 317
  • LITERATURE 336
  • Chapter XXIV the Reform Program of Socialism 337
  • LITERATURE 353
  • Chapter XXV Some Objections to Socialism Considered 354
  • LITERATURE 369
  • Index 371
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