Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book

By John Spargo; George Louis Arner | Go to book overview

SUMMARY
1. In every age men have pictured an ideal world to be attained by moral regeneration or by the adoption of a specific plan.
2. These Utopias have had their bases in the economic conditions of the time in which they were written and usually picture the ideal by contrast with the real.
3. The most influential of the Utopians of modern times were St. Simon, Owen, Fourier, and Cabet, who served as the fore-runners of the modern Socialist movement.
4. The Utopian ideals have rendered great social service by their criticisms of existing society, and by shaking the inertia of conservatism and stimulating progress.

QUESTIONS
1. Upon what does the influence of a Utopia in bringing about social changes depend?
2. Discuss the Utopian ideal of Plato.
3. What were the social conditions giving rise to the Utopia of Sir Thomas More?
4. Characterize briefly The City of the Sun. The New Atlantis. The Oceana.
5. What elements of modern Socialism are to be found in the teachings of St. Simon?
6. What is the significance of Fourierism to Socialist thought?
7. What is the position of Owen in Socialist history?
8. Characterize the work of the modern Utopians.
9. What essential features are common to the ideals of all the Utopians?
10. What positive results have the Utopians accomplished?

LITERATURE

In addition to the works of the Utopian writers themselves, as mentioned in the text, the following books will be found useful.

Engels F., Socialism, Utopian and Scientific.

Guthrie W. B., Socialism before the French Revolution.

Hillquit M., History of Socialism in the United States.

Kaufman M., Utopias, or Schemes of Social Improvement.

Morley H., Ideal Commonwealths.

Podmore F., Life of Robert Owen.

Wolsey T., Communism and Socialism.

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Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • PART I SOCIALISM AS CRITICISM 1
  • Chapter I: INTRODUCTION 3
  • Chapter II Capitalist Society 7
  • LITERATURE 18
  • Chapter III Planless Production 19
  • LITERATURE 29
  • Chapter IV Poverty 30
  • LITERATURE 43
  • Chapter V Leisure and Luxury 44
  • LITERATURE 52
  • Chapter VI Individual and Social Responsibility 53
  • LITERATURE 58
  • PART II SOCIALIST THEORY 59
  • Chapter VII: INTRODUCTORY 61
  • Chapter VIII Social Evolution 65
  • LITERATURE 75
  • Chapter IX the Economic Interpretation of History 76
  • LITERATURE 90
  • Chapter X Industrial Evolution 91
  • LITERATURE 99
  • Chapter XI the Class Struggle Theory 100
  • LITERATURE 115
  • Chapter XII Value and Price 116
  • LITERATURE 140
  • Chapter XIII Surplus-Value 141
  • LITERATURE 156
  • Chapter XIV the Law of Concentration 157
  • LITERATURE 167
  • Chapter XV Monopolies and Trusts 168
  • LITERATURE 184
  • PART III THE SOCIALIST IDEAL 185
  • Chapter XVI the Utopian Socialist Ideal 187
  • LITERATURE 200
  • Chapter XVII the Ideals of Modern Socialism 201
  • LITERATURE 211
  • Chapter XVIII Socialist State--Political 212
  • LITERATURE 223
  • Chapter XIX: THE SOCIALIST STATE--ECONOMIC 224
  • Chapter XX Socialism and the Family 240
  • LITERATURE 251
  • PART IV THE SOCIALIST MOVEMENT 253
  • Chapter XXI the Rise and Growth of Modern Socialism 255
  • LITERATURE 265
  • Chapter XXII the National Socialist Movemenis 266
  • LITERATURE 314
  • PART V POLICY AND PROGRAM 315
  • Chapter XXIII Socialism and Social Reform 317
  • LITERATURE 336
  • Chapter XXIV the Reform Program of Socialism 337
  • LITERATURE 353
  • Chapter XXV Some Objections to Socialism Considered 354
  • LITERATURE 369
  • Index 371
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