Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book

By John Spargo; George Louis Arner | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XVII
THE IDEALS OF MODERN SOCIALISM

Socialist ideals, old new: While he may not dream with the Utopian Socialist of a perfected humanity, the Marxian Socialist has many ideals in common with the Utopian Socialist. The main difference between the two types lies in the bases of their hopes for the attainment of their ideals, rather than in the nature of the ideals themselves. For example, the Marxian Socialist is as conscious of the wastefulness and anarchy of the modern system of production as Fourier himself could possibly have been, and just as anxious to have a well-ordered productive system with all its waste and disorder eliminated. Moreover, he is quite as confident as Fourier ever could have been in his most sanguine moments that sooner or later the system of production will be so transformed. But he does not rest his hope for the attainment of that ideal of a well-ordered plan of production upon the merits of any scheme or plan, nor yet upon the ability of himself or others to persuade the world to improve its industrial methods. He simply rests upon the facts of evolution and their logic. If order is to be established in production it will not be because men have been persuaded that waste is the moral law, but because that force which lies back of all progress, which is forever reducing the pain cost of life, impels the change. In a word, because they have discovered a better way.

Socialism essentially idealistic: Every Socialist is of necessity an idealist. He could not be a Socialist in any real sense of the word unless he had first measured the existing reality by some standard. That standard is his ideal. He measures the world as it is by some conception of what it might be, and that conception translates itself into what it ought to be. It is sometimes said that the Marxian theory robs Socialism of its idealism and makes it harsh and mechan

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Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • PART I SOCIALISM AS CRITICISM 1
  • Chapter I: INTRODUCTION 3
  • Chapter II Capitalist Society 7
  • LITERATURE 18
  • Chapter III Planless Production 19
  • LITERATURE 29
  • Chapter IV Poverty 30
  • LITERATURE 43
  • Chapter V Leisure and Luxury 44
  • LITERATURE 52
  • Chapter VI Individual and Social Responsibility 53
  • LITERATURE 58
  • PART II SOCIALIST THEORY 59
  • Chapter VII: INTRODUCTORY 61
  • Chapter VIII Social Evolution 65
  • LITERATURE 75
  • Chapter IX the Economic Interpretation of History 76
  • LITERATURE 90
  • Chapter X Industrial Evolution 91
  • LITERATURE 99
  • Chapter XI the Class Struggle Theory 100
  • LITERATURE 115
  • Chapter XII Value and Price 116
  • LITERATURE 140
  • Chapter XIII Surplus-Value 141
  • LITERATURE 156
  • Chapter XIV the Law of Concentration 157
  • LITERATURE 167
  • Chapter XV Monopolies and Trusts 168
  • LITERATURE 184
  • PART III THE SOCIALIST IDEAL 185
  • Chapter XVI the Utopian Socialist Ideal 187
  • LITERATURE 200
  • Chapter XVII the Ideals of Modern Socialism 201
  • LITERATURE 211
  • Chapter XVIII Socialist State--Political 212
  • LITERATURE 223
  • Chapter XIX: THE SOCIALIST STATE--ECONOMIC 224
  • Chapter XX Socialism and the Family 240
  • LITERATURE 251
  • PART IV THE SOCIALIST MOVEMENT 253
  • Chapter XXI the Rise and Growth of Modern Socialism 255
  • LITERATURE 265
  • Chapter XXII the National Socialist Movemenis 266
  • LITERATURE 314
  • PART V POLICY AND PROGRAM 315
  • Chapter XXIII Socialism and Social Reform 317
  • LITERATURE 336
  • Chapter XXIV the Reform Program of Socialism 337
  • LITERATURE 353
  • Chapter XXV Some Objections to Socialism Considered 354
  • LITERATURE 369
  • Index 371
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