|1.||Socialists desire to make political democracy a reality by establishing universal suffrage, direct legislation and proportional representation, and by abolishing the upper houses of parliaments.|
|2.||They demand the free administration of justice and the abolition of the powers of the courts which protect class privilege.|
|3.||They demand State protection for the working class by abolishing child labor, restricting the working period and establishing State insurance|
|4.||They desire the extension of public health legislation, and are generally interested in the promotion of temperance.|
|5.||They wish to substitute direct for indirect taxation, and to bring about the collective ownership and operation of the principal means of production and exchange. They generally favor some form of compensation to the expropriated owners of industry.|
|Why do Socialists generally favor the initiative and referendum?|
|What are the advantages of proportional representation? Of the second ballot?|
|Why do Socialists wish to abolish the Senate?|
|How does the present judicial system uphold class rule?|
|What is the Socialist argument for State insurance?|
|Compare the positions of the various Socialist parties on the subject of alcoholism.|
|Why do Socialists oppose indirect taxation?|
|What are the possible methods of obtaining possession of industry?|
|What are the advantages of the method of compensation?|
Ensor R. C. K., Modern Socialism, Chaps. XXII-XXVIII.
Hillquit M., Socialism in Theory and Practice, Part II.
Hunter R., Socialists at Work, Chaps. VI-VIII.
Jaurès Jean, Studies in Socialism, Chaps. VII-X.
Kautsky K., Das Erfurter Program (tr. as The Class Struggle).
Liebknecht W., Socialism, What it is and What it Seeks to Accomplish.
Snowden Philip, Socialism and the Drink Question.
Spargo John, Socialism (Revised Edition) Chaps. IX-X.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Elements of Socialism:A Text-Book. Contributors: John Spargo - Author, George Louis Arner - Author. Publisher: Macmillan. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1912. Page number: 353.
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