Elements of Socialism: A Text-Book

By John Spargo; George Louis Arner | Go to book overview

SUMMARY
1. Private business is honeycombed with graft and the principal sources of graft in public business come from its relations with private business. Socialists contend that public ownership would remove the chief source of graft.
2. Socialism and anarchism are fundamentally opposed to each other in both theory and tactics.
3. Socialists do not wish a huge bureaucracy. On the contrary, they wish to abolish the bureaucracy of capitalist society.
4. Socialism is not incompatible with religion and does not concern itself in any way with religious belief.
5. Socialism would not do away with any socially desirable incentive, but it would add to the strength of the incentives which inspire mankind.
6. Socialism appeals to the most fundamental instincts of human nature, and Socialists contend that Socialism must win unless human nature is changed.

QUESTIONS
Give the Socialist answers to objections 1-15 inclusive by reference to the preceding chapters.
In what forms does graft exist in private business?
Upon what grounds do Socialists base their belief that Socialism will be relatively free from graft?
Contrast the principles of Anarchism with those of Socialism.
What is the attitude of Socialists towards bureaucracy?
What is the source of the idea that religion and Socialism are antagonistic?
What are the chief incentives to human activity?
What is the effect of commercialism upon art?

LITERATURE

Kelly E., Twentieth Century Socialism, Book 1, Chap. III.

Spargo J., The Socialists, Who They Are and What They Stand For, Chap. XVI.

Vail C. H., Principles of Scientific Socialism, Chap. XIII

Vandervelde E., Collectivism, Chap. VI.

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