revolution or transformation in the advanced capitalist countries
today. One wants to add that the referent here is twofold: not merely
the processes in the various Eastern countries which have been
understood as an attempt to re-establish the market in one way or
another, but also those efforts in the West, particularly under Reagan
and Thatcher, to do away with the 'regulations' of the welfare state and
return to some purer form of market conditions. We need to take into
account the possibility that both of these efforts may fail for structural
reasons; but we also need to point out tirelessly the interesting
development that the 'market' turns out finally to be as Utopian as
socialism has recently been held to be. Under these circumstances,
nothing is served by substituting one inert institutional structure
(bureaucratic planning) for another inert institutional structure
(namely, the market itself). What is wanted is a great collective project
in which an active majority of the population participates, as something
belonging to it and constructed by its own energies. The setting of
social priorities -- also known in the socialist literature as planning --
would have to be a part of such a collective project. It should be clear,
however, that virtually by definition the market cannot be a project at
Engels, Collected Works, vol. 28, New York 1987, p. 180.
'Only two paths stand open to mental research: aesthetics, and also political
economy.' Stéphane Mallarmé, "'Magie'", in Variations sur un sujet, in Oeuvres complètes, Paris 1945, p. 399. The phrase, which I used as an epigraph to Marxism and Form, emerges
from a complex mediation on poetry, politics, economics, and class written in 1895 at the
very dawn of high modernism itself.
Norman P. Barry, On Classical Liberalism and Libertarianism, New York 1987, p. 13.
Gary Becker, An Economic Approach to Human Behavior, Chicago 1976, p. 14.
Barry, On Classical Liberalism, p. 30.
Engels, Collected Works, vol. 28, pp. 131-2.
Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Democracy, Chicago 1962, p. 39.
Albert O. Hirschman, The Passions and the Interests, Princeton, NJ 1977, part 1.
"'Periodizing the Sixties'", in The Ideologies of Theory, Minneapolis, MN 1988, vol. 2,
T. W. Adorno and
Max Horkheimer, Dialectic of Enlightenment, trans.
, New York 1972, pp. 161-7.
Jane Feuer, "'Reading Dynasty: Television and Reception Theory'", South
Atlantic Quarterly, 88, 2, September 1989, pp. 443-60.
Guy Debord, The Society of the Spectacle, Detroit, MI 1977, ch. 1.
Barry, On Classical Liberalism, pp. 193-6.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Mapping Ideology.
Contributors: Slavoj Žižek - Editor.
Place of publication: London.
Publication year: 1994.
Page number: 295.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may
not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.