Realignment and Party Revival: Understanding American Electoral Politics at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century

By Arthur Paulson | Go to book overview
Save to active project

The notion of a two-tier party system comes from the work of Everett Carll Ladd. See especially, Ladd with Charles D. Hadley, Transformations of the American Party System ( New York: Norton, 1978) and Ladd, "Like Waiting for Godot: The Uselessness of 'Realignment' for Understanding Change in Contemporary American Politics," in Byron E. Shafer, ed., The End of Realignment? Interpreting American Electoral Eras ( Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991), pp. 24-36. James Q. Wilson introduced his theory of dealignment in Wilson, "Realignment at the Top, Dealignment at the Bottom," in Austin Ranney, ed., The American Elections of 1984 ( Durham, N.C.: American Enterprise Institute/Duke University Press, 1985), pp. 277-310.
The use of the term "unAmerican" here is not meant to be an ideological judgment, as if Joseph McCarthy were using it. Instead it reflects the approach of one of the better textbooks in comparative politics I remember reading as an undergraduate. In his classic text on the British political system, Douglas V. Verney argued that British government could only be expected to be "unAmerican" because it was, after all, British. The point here, then, is that American political parties are developing now along institutional patterns that are historically unAmerican. See Douglas V. Verney, British Government and Politics: Life without a Declaration of Independence ( New York: Harper and Row, 1976).
All data on the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Presidential and Congressional elections of that year are drawn or derived from Congressional Quarterly Almanac 1964 ( Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, 1965).
See Theodore H. White, The Making of the President 1964 ( New York: Atheneum, 1965), pp. 162-189.
Ibid., pp. 184-186.
Harold W. Stanley and Richard G. Niemi, eds., Vital Statistics on American Politics, 4th ed. ( Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, 1994), pp. 128-129.
See, in particular, Ladd, "Political Parties and Presidential Elections in the Postindustrial Era," in Harvey L. Schantz, American Presidential Elections: Process, Policy, and Political Change ( Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996), pp. 189-210.
Angus Campbell, "Surge and Decline: A Study of Electoral Change," Public Opinion Quarterly 24 ( 1960): 397-418. See also James E. Campbell, "Explaining Presidential Losses in Midterm Congressional Elections," Journal of politics 47 ( 1985): 1140-1157; "Predicting Seat Gains from Presidential Coattails," American Journal of Political Science 30 ( 1986): 165-183; and "The Revised Theory of Surge and Decline," American Journal of Political Science 31 ( 1987): 965-979.
See Gerald H. Kramer, "'Short-Term Fluctuations in U.S. Voting Behavior," The American Political Science Review 65 ( 1971): 131-143; Donald R. Kinder and D. Roderick Kiewiet , "Economic Discontent and Political Behavior: The Role of Personal Grievances and Collective Economic Judgments in Congressional Voting," American Journal of political Science 23 ( 1979): 495-527; and Edward R. Tufte, "Determinants of Outcomes in Mid-Term Congressional Elections," The American Political Science Review 69 ( 1975): 812-826.
Barbara Hinckley, Congressional Elections ( Washington D.C.: Congressional Quarterly, 1981). See also Walter Dean Burnham, "Insulation and Responsivenessin Congressional Elections,"


Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Cite this page

Cited page

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Realignment and Party Revival: Understanding American Electoral Politics at the Turn of the Twenty-First Century


Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 348

matching results for page

Cited passage

Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?