The attention paid to J. S. Mill, Hegel, Wundt, and James in the preceding pages should not obscure the veritable legion of writers who devoted themselves to psychology in the last century. Herbert Spencer and Alexander Bain in England, Taine and Ribot in France, are but four of the great systematizers of the period. Between 1850 and 1900, and in the more specialized compartments of the discipline, we can add the names of Maudsley, Charcot, Binet, Janet, Lipps, Ebbinghaus -- we could go on into the dozens and still omit persons of consequence. It was in that century that David Ferrier's The Functions of the Brain put experimental surgery on a nearly contemporary footing and set forth the methods and the problems with which the emerging neuropsychology would begin its mission. C. Lloyd Morgan 's Introduction to Comparative Psychology ( 1894) and E. L. Thorndike's Animal Intelligence ( 1898) are the older members of a contemporary literature, not the culmination of a now outmoded tradition. Henry Maud sley 's Physiology and Pathology of the Mind ( 1867) could pass for a modern text in medical psychology, were the author not so rhetorical in his defense of the "medical model." If, as Whitehead said somewhere, the nineteenth century "invented the method of invention," it invented psychology as a discipline able to produce its own subject matter;
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Publication information: Book title: Toward a Science of Human Nature:Essays on the Psychologies of Mill, Hegel, Wundt, and James. Contributors: Daniel N. Robinson - Author. Publisher: Columbia University Press. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1982. Page number: 217.