Living the Enlightenment: Freemasonry and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Europe

By Margaret C. Jacob | Go to book overview

Notes

Introduction
1.
The following account is based on Bibliothéque de l'Arsenal MS 11455, dated 1740, and most extensively on MS 11556, ff. 277-352, 1743-46. The existence of these manu- scripts and their relation to others in the possession of the Vatican are noted in Jose Antonio Ferrer Benimelli , Los Archivos Secretos Vaticano y La Masoneria, Caracas: Universidad Catolica, 1976, pp. 86-93.
2.
MS Arsenal 11556, f. 300; interrogation of Nicolas Momay, lapidary, Catholic, aged 29, received in the lodge at the Hotel de Soissons. The master of the lodge was a merchant of wine; lodge meetings also held in the apartment of Sr. Miloir: "le but de cette assemblée etoit d'elire un maitre de loge qui se choisiroit deux surveillants avec mention que le procés verbal d'Election seroit remis en mains du secretaire G. de l'ordre le quel est le Sieur Perret Notaire. A dit qu'oui."
3.
Ibid.: "que le premier de ce mois il a signé avec plusieurs autres freymagons un acte de Convocation pour's'assembler le trois du present mois . . . et que le but de cette assemblée etoit d'elire un maitre de Loge." The same questions, and the question about who wrote the act, are posed to the next prisoner, f. 302; and the next, f. 304; same questions are asked of Joseph Potel, 27, a Catholic, employed at "la volaille," f. 298.
4.
B. N., FM 184, Joly de Fleury f.75, 4 May 1744: "Toute association, de quelque genre qu'elle soit est toujours dangereuse dans un Estate, et surtout quand on y met un Secret et un apparence de Religion, qui pourroit bien cacher beaucoup de libertinage."
5.
MS Arsenal 11556, f. 347, the spy Dadvenel writing on 5 February 1746: "que c'est Danguy La vielle qui y a presidé comme Le venerable, ou le Maitre de Loge; charpentier, La mussette y etoit; il y avoit un Negre qui . . . [?] du Roy une trompette des Gardes du Roy; un Sergent du Regimen du Roy. . . ." This may have been a different lodge.
6.
This information comes from a remarkable set of letters written to M. Bertin du Rocheret, wine merchant and Président de l'Election in Epernay, from his brothers largely in Paris; B.N., MS Fr. 15176, ff. 17-18, 25-26, on persecution; f. 29, about two men and Chr. du Roguemont, "mousquetaire noir qui ont estes recus dans notre société."
7.
Ibid., f. 228, Calviere to Bertin, 5 April 1740: "Vous trouverde notre venerable ordre,

-225-

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