Living the Enlightenment: Freemasonry and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Europe

By Margaret C. Jacob | Go to book overview

Index
Absolutism: antimasonic ideology and, 27-28; crisis of 1755 and, 112-19; in Dutch Republic, 80-82; freemasonry ideology and, 14-15
Act of Toleration, 55
Act of Union ( 1707), 37
Actors: masonic members in, 130-33, 135, 138; in St. Geneviève lodge, 190-91
"Adoption" lodges: initiation rituals, 127-28; monarchist tendencies of, 157; mysticism in, 139-41; women masons in, 138-39
Affluence, importance of, in British freemasonry, 47-48
Ahiman Rezon,60
Almanacs: Dutch freemasonry and, 135-36, 263n.69; pocket-size, appearance of, 144-45; political discourse in, 151; women masons and, 139
American Revolution, freemasonry and, 64-65, 151
Amsterdam freemasonry: cosmopolitan atmosphere of, 162-63; Dutch political ideology and, 80-87; Lockean ideals and, 116-17; masonic lodge in, 75; patriotten movement and, 170-72
Amsterdam lodge. See La Bien Aimée.
Ancien régime, antimasonic ideology and, 27-28
Anderson, James: Constitutions by, 105; Dermott's refutation of, 60; masonic Constitutions and, 33-35, 233n.37; speculative freemasonry and, 87-88
Anglican Church, Methodism and, 55
Anglo-Dutch alliance, 113, 129
Anglo-Dutch war, 169
Anglophilia, masonic political rhetoric and, 151
Animal magnetism, masonic ideology and, 199-200
Anna of Hanover, 113
Annales school, 216-17, 221-24
Anne, Queen of England, 71
Anselme, Jean and Franqoise Gravillon, 131
Anti-Semitism and masonic lodges, 154-55
"Antient" freemasonry, 59-62
Antimasonic literature: admission of women and, 121 Dutch masonic lodges and, 117-19
Architect's grade, in La Loge de Juste, 134
Architecture, British freemasonry and, 57-58
Aristocracy: Dutch freemasonry and, 86-87; in French masonic lodges, 205-208; in La Candeur lodge, 195-96; leadership of freemasons by, 8; segregation of, 183; tensions with monarchy and, 187-88
Army officers. See Military lodges.
Arrest of freemasons, in Paris, 3, 5-6
Assemblies. See Representatives
Ashmole, Elias, 37-38
Astell, Mary, 138
Atheism, continental freemasonry and, 87-95
Athelstan (Saxon king), 34
Augustan ideology: British freemasonry and, 46, 57-58; Scottish freemasonry, 43-45
Austrian Netherlands: freemasonry and, 157; French invasion of, 6
Autonomy, in Dutch masonic lodges, 106-10
Baptiste, Rosette, 131
Bastille, freemason records in, 3-6
Batavian Revolution, 175-77, 179
Bean ballots, in masonic elections, 103-104, 165
Becker, Carl, 223
Belgium, freemasonry in, 157, 163-64
Bentinck, Charles, 129-30; Rousseau and, 155-56
Bentinck, William, 86-87, 97, 113; masonic reforms of, 129-30; Rousseau and, 155-56; women's masonic membership and, 127-28

-295-

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