Many people have helped me with this book, and it is a great pleasure now to acknowledge and thank them.
The cooperative and dedicated staff of numerous repositories, both large and small, offered critical assistance in locating documents and photographs. I would like to thank the reference librarians and archivists at the New-York Historical Society, the New York Public Library, the National Museum of American History, the Virginia Historical Society, Alderman Library at the University of Virginia, the U.S. Department of Labor, the Prints and Photographs Division of the Library of Congress, the National Archives, the Dukes County Historical Society, and the Saratoga Springs Historical Society. I would like to offer thanks more specifically to Dr. Martha Stonequist, City Historian of Saratoga Springs; Jean Stamm, Assistant Director of the Saratoga Springs Public Library; Jane Smiley, archivist at Mohonk Mountain House Archives; and Bill West and Elton White at the National Cash Register Company. Alfreda Irwin, historian-in-residence at Chautauqua, was nice enough to copy important documents from the Chautauqua collection and to lend me microfilm. Hope Nicely and Brian