Source: British and Foreign State Papers ( 1848- 1849) ( London, 1862), XXXVI, 1062- 1066.
R. M. Johnston, The Roman Theocracy and the Republic 1846-1849 ( London, 1901).
References for Document 57.
Proclamation of the Roman Republic February 9, 1849
The revolutionary sweep in Italy temporarily destroyed the pope's temporal sovereignty. The constitutional system had given rise to conflict between the pope and his ministers, and the national war against Austria threatened to compromise his position as international spiritual head. In November 1848 the moderate prime minister, Pellegrino Rossi, was assassinated, and after a week of further disorders, Pius fled to Neapolitan territory. Republicans, inspired by Mazzini, seized control, and the Constituent Assembly issued this special decree.
I. The papacy has forfeited in fact and of right the temporal government of the Roman state.
II. The Roman Pontiff shall have all the guarantees necessary to secure his independence in the exercise of his spiritual power.
III. The form of the government of the Roman state shall be a pure democracy, and it shall take the glorious name of the Roman Republic.
IV. The Roman Republic shall have with the rest of Italy such relations as the common nationality may require.
Source: British and Foreign State Papers ( 1854- 1855) ( London, 1865), XLV, 353. Italian text in Domenico Demarco, Una rivoluzione sociale, la republica romana del 1849 ( Naples, 1944), p. 95.
G. O. Griffith, Mazzini, Prophet of Modern Europe ( London, 1932).
References for Documents 57 and 58.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Church and State in the Modern Age:A Documentary History. Contributors: J. F. MacLear - Editor. Publisher: Oxford University Press. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1995. Page number: 147.