because incumbents did not have to be replaced in order to increase representativeness within the magistrate system. Women and minority group members could be appointed to newly created positions without waiting for the original magistrates to retire or resign.
The selection process provides the initial influence upon the development of magistrates' precise roles. Because of their control over the appointment process and influence over merit selection panels, district judges can integrate their conception of the magistrates' appropriate roles into their decisions on appointments. The subordinate judicial officers' roles are not finalized, however, by the selection of specific lawyers for the magistrate positions. Magistrates' roles within individual districts develop and evolve because of a variety of factors. Although district judges are the most influential actors in the role definition process due to their statutory authority and practical power within the courthouses, as subsequent chapters will discuss, situational factors and other judicial actors also affect the expectations and task assignments which define the magistrates' roles within the federal courts.
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Publication information: Book title: United States Magistrates in the Federal Courts:Subordinate Judges. Contributors: Christopher E. Smith - Author. Publisher: Praeger Publishers. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1990. Page number: 56.
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