in fact help stabilize the situation in Europe. Yet there is enough evidence
of new thinking and fresh insights in Moscow on arms control in general
to justify the belief that an effort is being made to change policies.
In the final analysis, attitudes on arms control reflect the realities of
the contemporary international situation, and there is no doubt that
arms-control agreements play a significant catalytic role in redefining
the superpower relationship and assisting the process of change in the
international environment. But there will always be difficulties. The
technological condition of the arms race has acquired an inherent dynamic that more often than not has overcome attempts at arms control.
Technology does not retreat in the face of negotiation; at best, it only
marks time. The principal adversaries are reduced to a leapfrogging
approach, and even though Gorbachev seems set to put an end to this
drain on resources, it is doubtful that he will succeed. That could be
done only if the present state of East-West relations were to be transformed into a partnership of trust and cooperation, but this would necessitate a degree of ideological coexistence and a weakening of the
military-industrial complexes, which neither side seems prepared to
See the New York Times, 8 December 1988. In his December 1988 speech
to the United Nations General Assembly, Gorbachev announced that the Soviet
Union would unilaterally reduce its troop strength by 10 percent over two years.
This reduction would include the withdrawal of 5,000 tanks and 50,000 troops
from the GDR, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary.
Soviet Government Statement, TASS, 18 December 1987.
Pravda, 15 January 1987.
Interview with Süddeutsche Zeitung, Munich, 31 December 1987. Strauss
also described Gorbachev as "light years removed from a man like Brezhnev,"
"pragmatic, open-minded, humorous, thrusting, ready and able to maintain his
positions with determination and force."
TASS, 22 September 1987.
These were put forward in May 1987, and were strongly supported by General Jaruzelski ( Warsaw Radio, 8 May 1987).
TASS, 26 December 1987.
Krasnaya zvezda, 9 January 1988.
Trud, 9 January 1988.
Interview with Deutsches Allgemeines Sonntagsblatt, Hamburg, 4 October 1987.
Stephen Shenfield, The Nuclear Predicament: Explorations in Soviet Ide
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Arms Control and European Security.
Contributors: Graeme P. Auton - Author.
Publisher: Praeger Publishers.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1989.
Page number: 70.
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