Portuguese in South-East Africa, 1600-1700

By Eric Axelson | Go to book overview
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Alcaide chief military and administrative officer of a fortress, second in authority to the captain.
Almadia a dug-out canoe.
Alvarά a royal or vice-regal decree, not bearing the royal seal.
Andoro an adornment made in the form of a whirl, worn on the chest or forehead.
Assento an agreement; recommendation of an advisory body.
Banian a non-Christian (usually Hindu) Indian; especially a trader of this kind.
Bar a measure of weight of 16 arrobas, i.e. about 518 lbs; a mine.
Batelɑ + ̄o a barge-like boat.
Bertangil, bretangil a cotton cloth, usually blue, red or black, made in Cambay.
Canarim strictly, a native of Canará; commonly applied to any native of Goa; plural, Canarins.
Capitɑ + ̄o-geral captain-general, the highest military rank.
Capitɑ + ̄o-mor captain-major, commander-in-chief.
Charrua a large vessel of war meant to serve mainly as a transport.
Coche a dug-out canoe of large size.
Consulta recommendation reached after deliberation by an advisory body.
Contador-geral accountant or auditor general.
Corja 20 pieces, e.g. of cloth; of a bar.
Crusado (OED), cruzado (Port.) silver coin of 400 réis, worth about 4/- in English money at the beginning of the 17th century.
Curva payment to Monomotapa by each captain of Moçambique on assumption of office.
Degradado a transported criminal.
Devassa a judicial enquiry into an offence, or suspected offence, with the evidence of the witnesses recorded under oath.
Empata a restricted form of war declared by Monomotapa on Portuguese traders.
Fidalgo a nobleman; member of a noble family.
Faraçola a weight of about 18 lbs.
Frigatinha a small frigate.
Machila a palanquin, perhaps devised originally from a machira.
Machira a coarse cloth made in south-east Africa from native cotton.
Manchua a launch, or large ship's boat.
Mithqal a weight of gold equivalent to about · 155 oz., worth, at the beginning of the 17th century, xerafins, to-day (with gold at £12/10/0 an ounce), £1/18/9.
Mitréis coin of 1,000 réis, worth about 10/- in English money at the beginning of the 17th century.
Marco mark, measure of weight of 8 oz.
"Mouth" payment by a visitor to Monomotapa for permission to speak.
Mtepe type of coastal craft made in the Bajune islands.
Mestre de campo colonel.
Naveta a vessel of considerable size used for coastal traffic.
Nau a square-rigged ship.


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