Life-Span Developmental Psychology: Methodological Contributions

By Stanley H. Cohen; Hayne W. Reese | Go to book overview

questions of concern to developmental psychologists are not amenable to experimental resolution. The central variable of age cannot be manipulated, and to say, even with great certainty, that a behavioral change is age-related (rather than cohort-related, for example) is not to identify the causal factor. As developmental researchers continue their efforts toward causal explanations of age-related changes, by taking direct control of the factors hypothesized as responsible (cf. Baer, 1970, 1973; Baltes & Goulet, 1971), perhaps they will discover that single-subject designs can help.


REFERENCES

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Baer D. M. ( 1973). "The control of developmental process: Why wait?" In J. R. Nesselroade & H. W. Reese (Eds.), Life-span developmental psychology: Methodological issues (pp. 185-193). New York: Academic Press.

Baer D. M. ( 1977). "Perhaps it would be better not to know everythins." Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 167-172.

Baer D. M. ( 1988). "An autocorrelated commentary on the need for a different debate". Behavioral Assessment, 10295-297.

Baltes M. M., & Barton E. M. ( 1977). "New approaches toward aging: A case for the operant model". Educational Gerontology, 2, 383-405.

Baltes P. B., & Goulet L. R. ( 1971). "Exploration of developmental variables by stimulation and manipulation of age differences". Human Development, 14, 149-170.

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Bernard., C. ( 1957). An introduction to the study of experimental medicine ( H. C. Greene, Trans.). New York: Dover. (Original work published 1865)

Birren J. E., Woods. A. M., & Williams M. V. ( 1980). "Behavioral slowing with age: Causes, organization, consequences". In L. W. Poon (Ed.). Aging in the 19M's: Psychological issues (pp. 293-308). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

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Busk P. L., & Marascuilo L. A. ( 1988). "Autocorrelation in single-subject research: A counteargument to the myth of no autocorrelation". Behavioral Assessment, 10, 229-242.

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