Life-Span Developmental Psychology: Methodological Contributions

By Stanley H. Cohen; Hayne W. Reese | Go to book overview
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questions of concern to developmental psychologists are not amenable to experimental resolution. The central variable of age cannot be manipulated, and to say, even with great certainty, that a behavioral change is age-related (rather than cohort-related, for example) is not to identify the causal factor. As developmental researchers continue their efforts toward causal explanations of age-related changes, by taking direct control of the factors hypothesized as responsible (cf. Baer, 1970, 1973; Baltes & Goulet, 1971), perhaps they will discover that single-subject designs can help.


REFERENCES

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Baer D. M. ( 1973). "The control of developmental process: Why wait?" In J. R. Nesselroade & H. W. Reese (Eds.), Life-span developmental psychology: Methodological issues (pp. 185-193). New York: Academic Press.

Baer D. M. ( 1977). "Perhaps it would be better not to know everythins." Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 10, 167-172.

Baer D. M. ( 1988). "An autocorrelated commentary on the need for a different debate". Behavioral Assessment, 10295-297.

Baltes M. M., & Barton E. M. ( 1977). "New approaches toward aging: A case for the operant model". Educational Gerontology, 2, 383-405.

Baltes P. B., & Goulet L. R. ( 1971). "Exploration of developmental variables by stimulation and manipulation of age differences". Human Development, 14, 149-170.

Barlow D. H., & Hersen M. ( 1973). "Single case experimental designs: Uses in applied clinical research". Archives of General Psychiatry, 29, 319-325.

Barlow D. H., & Hersen M. ( 1984). Single case experimental designs: Strategies for studying behavior change ( 2nd ed.). New York: Pergamon Press.

Baron A. ( 1985). "Measurement scales and the age-complexity hypothesis". Experimental Aging Research, 10, 193-199.

Baron A. ( 1990). "Experimental designs". Behavior Analyst, 13, 167-171.

Baron A., Menich S. R., & Perone M. ( 1983). "Reaction times of younger and older men and temporal contingencies of reinforcement". Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 40, 275-287.

Baron A., & Perone M. ( 1982). "The place of the human subject in the operant laboratory". Behavior Analyst, 5, 143-158.

Baron A., Perone M., & Galizio M. ( 1991). "Analyzing the reinforcement process at the human level: Can application and behavioristic interpretation replace laboratory research?" Behavior Analyst, 14, 95-105.

Bernard., C. ( 1957). An introduction to the study of experimental medicine ( H. C. Greene, Trans.). New York: Dover. (Original work published 1865)

Birren J. E., Woods. A. M., & Williams M. V. ( 1980). "Behavioral slowing with age: Causes, organization, consequences". In L. W. Poon (Ed.). Aging in the 19M's: Psychological issues (pp. 293-308). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Boren J. J., & Devine D. D. ( 1968). "The repeated acquisition of behavioral chains". Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 11, 651-660

Busk P. L., & Marascuilo L. A. ( 1988). "Autocorrelation in single-subject research: A counteargument to the myth of no autocorrelation". Behavioral Assessment, 10, 229-242.

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