Planning, Protectionism, and Politics in Liberal Italy: Economics and Politics in the Giolittian Age

By Frank J. Coppa | Go to book overview

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
PREFACEix
I. INTRODUCTION1
Presentation of the problem-- Giolitti's alleged alliance with the industrialists and the organized workers of the North--the Marxist historical school's analysis of Giolittianism--Giolitti's economic policies interpreted within the framework of Pareto's demagogic plutocracy--Giolittianism and Mosca's notion of political class--Giolitti as Salvemini's Ministro della mala vita versus AnsaldoMinistro delta buona vita
II. INDUSTRIALIZATION AND ITS IMPACT ON ITALIAN LIFE16
Italy's industrial spurt forward and its manifestations--factors accounting for the economic boom--the emergence of new power blocs--the North-South differential in the development of the Italian economy--Giolitti's alleged northernism--speculation about his program of broad government spending--State spending and the armed forces--the place of protectionism in the "Giolittian System"--Giolitti and the working classes--Giolitti and the Socialists--internal and international repercussions of Giolitti's supposed Socialist-industrialist alliance--economic depression and the disintegration of the "Giolittian System"--Gramsci's explanation of Catholic participation in Giolitti's northern bloc--fascism seen as an alternative for Giolittianism
III. THE COMMERCIAL POLICY OF LIBERAL ITALY: MYTH AND REALITY46
Theories explaining Giolitti's industrial and agrarian protectionism-- initial tariff policy of the Unitary Kingdom--the trade treaty of 1863 with France--early opposition to the country's free trade policy--"Socialism of the Chair"--the indirect protection of the corso forzoso--the tariff of 1878--the tariff of 1887--financial need, transatlanlantic competition and the duty on grain--Giolitti's pragmatic position on the issue of protectionism--the commercial treaties of 1892-93 with Austria, Germany, and Switzerland--the commercial treaties of 1904-06 with Austria, Germany, and Switzerland--Giolitti and the tariff on grain--World War I and the evolution of the Italian economy--the tariff of 1921
IV. THE STATESMANSHIP OF GIOVANNI GIOLITTI89
The military's determination to foster an Italian iron industry-- the role of the State in the establishment of the Terni iron works --the State's policy of subsidies for the merchant marine--political crisis provoked by the question of shipping subsidies--socialism's campaign against collusion between the Giolitti governments and private industry--Giolitti favors State intervention on

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